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Friday, October 26, 2012

Christ the Lord


I made up my mind to tell everybody that Jesus Christ is Lord and I believe this is to the Glory of God the Father in Heaven.

I am so much blessed because I can take part in this glorious work of God.  I will keep writing the articles on the Bible topics focused on the Person and Work of our Lord Jesus Christ until either He comes or I go to Him.

 
What does it mean. “ Jesus Christ is Lord?”


We read in, Philippians 2:9-11


“Therefore God exalted Him to the highest place

and gave Him the Name that is above every name,

that at the Name of Jesus every knee should bow,

in heaven and on earth and under the earth,

and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord,

to the glory of God the Father.”


The New Testament human writers employed the Greek word, κύριος, kýrios for designating Jesus Christ, it meant, “a person exercising absolute ownership rights; lord (Lord).”

We read in, 1 Corinthians 1:2;

“Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours.”
 

The Jehovah's Witnesses deny that Jesus is God in flesh. Therefore, they have produced a Bible, the New World Translation that reflects their theological bias against Christ's deity. But, their Bible cannot completely remove all the references that show who Jesus really is. Such is the case with the phrase, “to call upon the name of the Lord.”

We can see in the Bible where the Old Testament believers “call upon the name of the Lord,” as a reference to God. Literally, in Hebrew this is “call upon the name of Jehovah [YHWH].” This phrase with its variations “calling upon...”and “called upon...” etc., occurs eleven times in the Old Testament in the King James Version, which the Jehovah's Witnesses used as their Bible for many years.

“Jehovah” is an English(ized) form of the Hebrew four letters YHWH from which we get God's name “Jehovah” or “Yahweh.” Most modern English Bibles translate the four letters “YHWH” into the word “Lord.” This is done because no one knows the true pronunciation of God's name and also because the Jews wanted to avoid violating the sacredness of God's name if they pronounced it incorrectly. Nevertheless, in every instance of this usage “Lord” in the Hebrew phrase, “call upon the name of the Lord,” it is the Hebrew “YHWH” in the original and is always in reference to God and to God, the everlasting God, alone.

Around 250 B.C., the Hebrew Old Testament was translated into Greek by Jewish scholars. This translation is called the Septuagint and is known by the designation LXX. The Hebrew phrase to “call upon the name of the Lord [YHWH],” of course, was also translated into Greek. For example, in Joel 2:32 it says, “...whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD [YHWH] shall be delivered...” This Greek translation in the LXX is “hos an epikalesatai to onoma kuriou,” literally, "whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord."

When we look at this phrase in the Old Testament, we see that “to call upon the name of the Lord" was used to designate prayer to God in 1 Kings 18:24, 37 and Psalm 116:4.

Clearly, the phrase is used of God in reference to prayer to Him. The phrase is never used in reference to anyone else other than God. Remember that “call upon the name of the Lord [YHWH]” in Hebrew was translated into Greek by the Jews in the LXX and they rendered “YHWH” into the Greek “kurios,” which means “lord."”This phrase was then used of Jesus in 1 Corinthians 1:2.

 “Unto the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours,” (1 Cor. 1:2). “...call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ...” NASB, ASV, ASV1901,

“...call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ...”KJV, NJKV, NIV, RSV,

“...calling upon the name of our Lord, Jesus Christ, their Lord and ours,” NWT.

NOTE: In the Greek, it is literally, “Call upon the name of the Lord OF US, Jesus Christ.”  This is why the English says, “Call upon the name of OUR Lord.” Therefore, the phrase is the same.

This is clear evidence that Jesus is called YHWH since the same phrase used to address God is also used to address Jesus.

Retrieved partially from http://carm.org/religious-movements/jehovahs-witnesses/1-cor-12-call-upon-name-lord-jesus

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