Much of the suffering in the world is clearly the effect of sin, and is to be considered an infliction of Divine justice. The justice of God claims scope for its exercise, as well as His goodness. The goodness of God is infinite, if it confers happiness as widely as is consistent with the other perfections of His nature.
It is a favorite theory with some, that God aims at the greatest possible amount of happiness in the universe; and that He admits evil, only because the admission of evil produces in the end a greater amount of happiness than its exclusion would have done. According to this theory, justice itself is a modification of benevolence; and the pain suffered by one being, is inflicted from love to the whole. But whether justice is a modification of benevolence, or a distinct attribute, its claims must be regarded; and goodness does not cease to be goodness, because it does not overthrow the government of God, or oppose His other perfections.
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Moses had requested God to show Him His glory, and God promised to proclaim or fully declare the name Jehovah. God Himself interprets His name in Exodus 34:6;
“And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed Yehovah (יהוה) the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty.”
These words contain the proper interpretation of the venerable and Glorious Name Jehovah.
The different names in this and the following verse have been considered as so many attributes of the Divine nature.
1. יהוה Jehovah.
2. אל EL, the strong or mighty God.
3. רחום Rachum, the merciful Being, Who is full of tenderness and compassion.
4. חנון Channun, the gracious One; He whose nature is goodness itself; the loving God.
5. ארך אפים Erech Appayim, long-suffering; the Being who, because of his goodness and tenderness, is not easily irritated, but suffers long and is kind.
6. רב Rab, the great or mighty One.
7. חסד Chesed, the bountiful Being; He Who is exuberant in His beneficence.
8. אמת Emeth, the truth or true One; He alone Who can neither deceive nor be deceived, Who is the fountain of truth, and from Whom all wisdom and knowledge must be derived.
9. נצר חסד Notser Chesed, the preserver of bountifulness; He whose beneficence never ends, keeping mercy for thousands of generations, showing compassion and mercy while the world endures.
10. נשא עון ופשע וחטאה Nose avon vaphesha vechattaah, He who bears away iniquity and transgression and sin: properly, the Redeemer, the Pardoner, the Forgiver; the Being whose prerogative alone it is to forgive sin and save the soul. ינקה(לו) נקה לא Nakkeh lo yenakkeh, the righteous Judge, Who distributes justice with an impartial hand, with Whom no innocent person can ever be condemned.
11. פקד עון Poked avon, etc.; He Who visits iniquity, Who punishes transgressors, and from Whose justice no sinner can escape. The God of retributive and vindictive justice.
These eleven attributes, as they have been termed, are all included in the Great Name Jehovah, and are, as we have before seen, the proper interpretation of it.
Above all, we read in, Mark 10:48 in Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Yeshua(Jesus) said to him, “Why do you call me good? There is no one good but The One God.”