The number 6 in the Bible
“The children of Adonikam, six hundred sixty and six.”
These are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive to Babylon.
1 Kings 10:14, 2 Chronicles 9:13
“The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents.”
Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and sixty and six talents of gold. From Ophir and Tarshish, and wherever he traded; but independently of this, he had tribute of all the kings of Arabia, duties from merchantmen, and the traffic of spice merchants.
The talent (Latin: talentum, from Ancient Greek: τάλαντον, talanton ‘scale, balance’) was one of several ancient units of mass, as well as corresponding units of value equivalent to these masses of a precious metal. It was approximately the mass of water required to fill an amphora. A Greek, or Attic talent, was 26 kilograms (57 lb), a Roman talent was 32.3 kilograms (71 lb), an Egyptian talent was 27 kilograms (60 lb), and a Babylonian talent was 30.3 kilograms (67 lb). Ancient Israel, and other Levantine countries, adopted the Babylonian talent, but later revised the mass. The heavy common talent, used in New Testament times, was 58.9 kilograms (130 lb). (Source:Wikipedia)
The number ‘666’ in above places is coincidently the numbers of people or gold measures which carriy no significant hidden meaning attached to it.
However the number ‘666’ used in the Book of Revelation requires us of a special attention or wisdom to understand properly as it was originally meant by it.
“This calls for wisdom. If anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is man's number. His number is 666.”
γὰρ ἀνθρώπου ἐστιν, καὶ ὁ ἀριθμὸς αὐτοῦ ἑξακόσιοι ἑξήκοντα ἑξ.
ἑξακόσιοι ἑξήκοντα ἑξ , Hexakosioi hexakonta hex (600+60+6=666)
The following is the Greek alphabet, with the numerical value of each letter affixed, according to the generally received system.
α – 1, ι – 10, ρ – 100, β – 2, κ – 20, σ – 200, γ – 3, λ – 30, τ - 300 δ – 4, μ – 40, υ – 400, ε – 5, ν – 50, φ – 500, ζ – 7, ξ – 60, χ – 600, η – 8, ο – 70, ψ – 700, θ – 9, π – 80, ω - 80
By this numerical value, in the Epistle of Barnabas, we are told that the name Ἱησοῦς Jesus’ is expressed by the number 888. Ι equals 10; η equals 8; σ equals 200; ο equals 70; υ equals 400; σ equals 200. But we don’t see the number ‘888’ in the Bible to designate the Lord’s Name J-e-s-u-s.
Then the question remains. Why didn’t John tell us what is the true meaning of the number 666 and left it for our understanding by saying, “This calls for wisdaom.”
What kind of wisdom do we need to understand it? An arithmetic skill to add those numbers? Or research skills to know who has the numerical value to 666 in Greek or Roman alphabets?
Actually many attempts have been made to search for the historical figures to know whose name carries the numerical value to six hundred and sixty six, for example, Nero, Hitler, Stalin, even a Roman Pope etc. Many people think that the Antichrist will emerge in the last scene of the world stage as an iron-fist political figure who influences the world. It seems to me that this is a kind of narrow and preoccupied thought.
I have no wisdom to answer this question unless I have the wisdom from the Word of God. We have a hope to solve this problem based on the fact that the writer of Revelation, Gospel John , John 1, John 2, and John 3 is the same person and we can find some clues in his other books, which are helpful in solving this mystery in Revelation 13:8.
What does John say about the Antichrist in his time?
First we have to read in, 1 John 4:3;
“But every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.”
1 John 2:22
“Who is the liar? It is the man who denies that Jesus is the Christ. Such a man is the antichrist--he denies the Father and the Son.”
1 John 2:18
“Dear children, this is the last hour; and as you have heard that the antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have come. This is how we know it is the last hour.”
2 John 1:7
“Many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the antichrist.”
The apostle Paul says in 2 Thessalonians 2:3;
“Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction.”
The Word of God defines who the antichrist is;
- Antichrist denies Jesus is from God and was already in John’s days already.
- Antichrist denies the Trinity - Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
- Antichrist denies Jesus came in the flesh and deceives many.
- Antichrists are many.
- Antichrist, the man of lawlessness, the son of destruction will come when apostasy prevails (separation from the Truth of God).
Based on the definitions above, we can know the meaning of the number of 666, which is the name of the beast and the man’s number.
In order to know the true meaning of 666, which is the man’s number, we need to know what the number of God will be in the Bible. There is no direct indication that the number 7 belongs to God. But we come now to the great number of spiritual perfection that belongs to God’s work and Providence.
A number which, therefore, occupies so large a place in the works, and especially in the Word of God as being inspired by the Holy Spirit.
The Number 7 in the Bible
In the Hebrew, 7 is עשֶׁ֫בַ shevah. It is from the root savah, ‘to be full’ or ‘satisfied’, ‘have enough of’. Hence the meaning of the word “seven” is dominated by this root, for on the seventh day God rested from the work of Creation. It was full and complete, and good and perfect. In the creative works of God, seven completes the colors of the spectrum and rainbow, and satisfies in music the notes of the scale. In each of these the eighth is only a repetition of the first.
Nothing could be added to it or taken from it without marring it. Hence the word Shavath, to cease, desist, rest, and Shabbath, Sabbath, or day of rest.As a number the actual word and number "Seven" is used as no other number is. Seven and its compounds occur in multiples of seven in the Old Testament.
Another meaning of the root shavagh is ‘to swear’, or ‘make an oath’. It is clear from its first occurrence in Genesis 21:31, “They swore both of them,” that this oath was based upon the “seven ewe lambs” (verses 28-30), which point to the idea of satisfaction or fullness in an oath.
It was the security, satisfaction, and fullness of the obligation, or completeness of the bond, which caused the same word to be used for both the number seven and an oath; and hence it is written, “an oath for confirmation is an end of all strife.” Beer-sheba, the well of the oath, is the standing witness of the spiritual perfection of the number 7.
On the great Day of Atonement the blood was sprinkled "ON the mercy-seat eastward." This was Godward, and therefore it was once done and on the mercy-seat. But "BEFORE the mercy-seat" it was to be sprinkled 7 times. Before* the mercy-seat seven times, because this was the perfect testimony for the people that the atonement for their sins was accomplished.
What are the 7 miracles of the Lord Jesus in the gospel of John?
The water turned into wine. (John 2:9)
Healing of the nobleman's son. (John 4:47)
Healing of crippled man at the pool of Bethesda. (John 5:4-9)
The feeding of 5,000 people from only five loaves of bread and two fishes. (John 6:10)
Healing of the man born blind. (John 9:1)
The raising of Lazarus from the dead. (John 11:43)
The catching of 153 fishes by some of the disciples. (John 21:6)
These formed the spiritual perfection of the “signs” that Jesus was the Christ. The Seven Parables of Matthew 13 are also to be noted.
The Promises to the Churches are 7 in number. Each contains the solemn exhortation, “He that has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.” In the first three epistles the promise (which refers to the past in its imagery) follows this exhortation; while in the latter four the promise (which has reference to future blessings) precedes it.
Our attention is thus called to this great exhortation. It tells us that when these epistles were sent, the Church and the churches had all failed in their corporate capacity. They are addressed not to the churches, but to individuals; and all through, individuals are exhorted. It is the same with John’s Epistles, written, like his Gospel and the Apocalypse, at the close of the first century.
So we must not hear the voice of the Church; rather we need to “hear what the Spirit says to the churches.”
The 7 Seals and The Seven Trumpets
“But in the days when the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet, the mystery of God will be accomplished, just as he announced to his servants the prophets.”
We came to know clearly that the number 6 is less than 7 by 1 but very close to it in a numerical value. God’s number 7 denotes satisfaction and perfection in His sight. A Man’s number 6 is lesser than 7 by 1 and it is imperfection in God's standard.
Therefore any church, individual, group of people that deny the Truth of God - Christ, the Son of God, the Second Person of the Trinity came in the Flesh to satisfy the Justice of God by dying on the Cross for the sinners – have the mark 666, the man’s number in their forehead(thought) and right hand(act) and will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.
It’s the true Word of God. It’s undeniable.