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Friday, January 25, 2013

ἄγγελοι (ang-geloi)

Revelation 1:9-19 NIV

One Like a Son of Man

9 I, John, your brother and companion in the suffering and kingdom and patient endurance that are ours in Jesus, was on the island of Patmos because of the word of God and the Testimony of Jesus.

10 On the Lord’s Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,

11 which said: “Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea.”

12 I turned around to see the voice that was speaking to me. And when I turned I saw seven golden lampstands,

13 and among the lampstands was someone “like a son of man,” dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with a golden sash around His chest.

14His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes were like blazing fire.

15 His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and His voice was like the sound of rushing waters.

16 In His right hand He held seven stars, and out of His mouth came a sharp double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance.

17 When I saw Him, I fell at His feet as though dead. Then He placed His right hand on me and said: “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last.

18 I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive forever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

19 “Write, therefore, what you have seen, what is now and what will take place later.

20 The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in My right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angelsc of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


Verse 13 - like a son of man

The phrase “The Son of Man” - אנשׁ בר bar 'ĕnâsh - does not occur elsewhere in the Old Testament with such a reference as it has here, though it is frequently found in the New Testament. In fact, it was the favorite term by which the Lord Jesus designates Himself.

Daniel 7:13

“In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man (כְּבַ֥ר אֱנָ֖שׁ kebar 'ĕnâsh), coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into His presence.”


In Daniel 3:25, we have the phrase “the Son of God”.

“He answered and said, See, I see four men loose, walking in the middle of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God (לְבַר־אֱלָהִֽין Aramaic, lebar elahin).”


Verse 20

The mystery of the seven stars that you saw in My right hand and of the seven golden lampstands is this: The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


Greek Word: ἄγγελοι(ang-geloi)

There has been much diversity of opinion in regard to the meaning of the word “angels” here.

The exact meaning of the term here is uncertain. The following are the principal interpretations:

1. The officials known as angels or messengers of the synagogue, transferred to the Christian Church. These were mere clerks or readers; so that their position does not answer to that of the angels presiding over the churches. There is, besides, no trace of the transfer of that office to the Christian Church.

2. Angels proper Heavenly guardians of the churches. This is urged on the ground that the word is constantly used in Revelation of a heavenly being; by reference to the angels of the little ones (Matthew 18:10), and to Peter’s angel (Acts 12:15). It is urged that, if an individual may have a guardian angel, so may a Church. Reference is also made to the tutelar national angels of Daniel 10:21; Daniel 12:1.



Greek, “Angels of the seven churches:” the article being missing. This does not refer to them as a collective or associated body, for the addresses are made to them as individuals - an epistle being directed to “the angel” of each particular church,

So, the explanation of the seven stars is the seven angels or ministers of the Churches; and the meaning of the seven golden lamps is the seven Churches themselves.

Seven Stars = Seven angels or messengers

Seven golden lamps = Seven Churches

Therefore we can get an equation  and this is also called the ‘mystery’. However this is not a total ‘mystery’ anymore because the Lord revealed what they are as below.

Stars = Angels or Messengers

Golden lamps = Churches

From now on, when we see any expressions, Stars or Golden Lamps in the Book of Revelation, we need to think they are Angels or Messengers (Ministers) and Churches respectively. In fact, this mystery serves as a key to unlock the mysterey of Revelation. So to speak, the mystery can be solved with the mystery that we know already.


Now, You are ready to go to Revelation chapter 2.

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