The Work of the Holy Spirit
John 16:5-16 NIV
5“Now I am going to Him Who sent Me, yet none of you asks Me, ‘Where are you going?’ 6Because I have said these things, you are filled with grief.
7But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you.
8 When He comes, He will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment:
9 in regard to sin, because men do not believe in Me;
10 in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see Me no longer;
11 and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
12“I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13But when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on His own; He will speak only what He hears, and He will tell you what is yet to come.
14 He will bring glory to Me by taking from what is Mine and making it known to you. 15 All that belongs to the Father is Mine. That is why I said the Spirit will take from what is Mine and make it known to you.
16 “In a little while you will see Me no more, and then after a little while you will see Me.”
à We can know Jesus is with us by the Holy Spirit!
Verse 8: When He comes, He will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment:
ἐλέγχω elégxō – properly, to convince with solid, compelling evidence, especially to expose (prove wrong).
The Holy Spirit will convict (or reprove) the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment. There are three points concerning which the world would be convicted, concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment.
The Holy Spirit would effect these important results through some means. If we would understand the methods we have only to turn over to the fulfillment of these predictions recorded in the Book of Acts.
In Acts 2:38, the Holy Spirit came upon eleven apostles and they spoke as the Spirit gave them utterance of tongues (Acts 2:4).
The words that they spoke were the words of the Holy Spirit. In the record of what was said by the mouth of Peter, we find that the Spirit convicted;
(1) of sin, in that those who heard had rejected the Lord of Life and Glory;
“This man was handed over to you by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, put Him to death by nailing Him to the cross.”
(2) of righteousness, in that it was demonstrated by the manifestations of that hour that God had exalted the Lord Whom they had condemned to His Own Right Hand;
“God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.”
(3) of judgment, in that they were assured of the wrath to come (Matthew 3:7; Luke 3:7 1Thessalonians 1:10), and warned to save themselves from this corrupt generation.
“The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.”