Jesus Predicts His Death
John 12:20-36 NIV
20Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the Feast. 21They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.” 22Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus.
23 Jesus replied, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.
24I tell you the truth, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds.
25 The man who loves his life will lose it, while the man who hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
26 Whoever serves Me must follow Me; and where I am, My servant also will be. My Father will honor the one who serves Me.
27 “Now My heart is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour.
28 Father, glorify Your Name!”
Then a voice came from heaven, “I have glorified it, and will glorify it again.” 29The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to Him.
30 Jesus said, “This voice was for your benefit, not Mine. 31 Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out.
32 But I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.”
33 He said this to show the kind of death He was going to die.
34 The crowd spoke up,
35 Then Jesus told them, “You are going to have the Light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the Light, before darkness overtakes you. The man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going. 36 Put your trust in the Light while you have it, so that you may become sons of Light.” When He had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid Himself from them.
Verse 34: “We have heard from the Law that the Christ will remain forever, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?”
Barnes' Notes on the Bible
That Christ, the Messiah abides for ever - will remain forever, or will live forever. The doctrine of many of them certainly was that the Messiah would not die; that he would reign as a prince forever over the people. This opinion was founded on such passages of Scripture as these: Psalm 110:4, “Thou art a priest forever;” Daniel 2:44; Daniel 8:13-14.
In the interpretation of these passages they had overlooked such places as Isaiah 53:1-12; nor did they understand how the fact that He would reign for ever could be reconciled with the idea of His death.
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible
That Christ abides for ever - There was no part of the law nor of the Scripture that said the Messiah should not die; but there are several passages that say as expressly as they can that Christ must die, and die for the sin of the world too. See especially Isaiah 53:1, etc.; Daniel 9:24, Daniel 9:27.
But as there were several passages that spoke of the perpetuity of His reign, as Isaiah 9:7; Ezekiel 37:25; Daniel 7:14, they probably confounded the one with the other, and thus drew the conclusion, The Messiah cannot die; for the Scripture has said, His throne, Kingdom, and Reign shall be eternal.
The prophets, as well as the evangelists and apostles, speak sometimes of the Divine, sometimes of the human nature of Christ:
When they speak of the former (i.e. Christ’s Divinity), they show forth its Glory, Excellence, Omnipotence, Omniscience, and Eternity;
When they speak of the latter (i.e. Christ’s Humanity), they show forth its Humiliations, Afflictions, Sufferings, and Death.
And those who do not make the proper distinction between the two natures of Christ, the Human and the Divine, will ever make blunders as well as the Jews.
It is only on the ground of two natures in Christ that the Scriptures which speak of Him, either in the Old or New Testament can be possibly understood.
No position in the Bible is plainer than this, “God was manifest in the flesh.”