On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there, and Jesus and His disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”
“Dear woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My time has not yet come.”
His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.”
Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.
Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.
Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.”
They did so, and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”
This, the first of His miraculous signs, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee. He thus revealed His glory, and His disciples put their faith in Him.
Jesus calls His mother, Dear woman (Τι εμοι και σοι, γυναι: literally O, woman, what is this to thee and me?)
These words in our language sound harsh and almost rude, but the Greek term γυνή gune, rendered “woman,” was respectful and gentle.
Jesus changes water into wine
The beginning of Moses' miracles in Egypt was turning water into blood, Exodus 7:20; the beginning of Christ's miracles was turning water into wine; which may remind us of the difference between the law of Moses and the glorious Gospel of Christ.
Though Christ hereby allows a right use of wine, He warns that our hearts should not at any time be overcharged with drunkenness Luke 21:34.
First miraculous sign and His Glory
Jesus said, “Mine hour is not yet come”. This means that the hour of His full manifestation, as the Groom when He returns to earth. This is the glorious moment of His return that all flesh will see.
“Let us rejoice and be glad and give Him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and His bride has made herself ready”.
Jesus will use the choice wine at His wedding with His elect Church, the Lamb’s bride.
“For I tell you I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes.”