12After this He went down to Capernaum with His mother and brothers and His disciples. There they stayed for a few days.
13When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
14In the temple courts He found men selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money.
15So He made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area, both sheep and cattle; He scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.
16To those who sold doves He said, “Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father’s house into a market!”
17His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”
18Then the Jews demanded of Him, “What miraculous sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”
19Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”
20The Jews replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?”
21But the temple He had spoken of was His body.
22After He was raised from the dead, His disciples recalled what He had said. Then they believed the Scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.
23Now while He was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many people saw the miraculous signs He was doing and believed in His name.
24But Jesus would not entrust Himself to them, for He knew all men.
25He did not need man’s testimony about man, for He knew what was in a man.
Get these out of here! - The first public work in which we find Christ engaged, was driving from the temple the traders whom the covetous priests and rulers encouraged to make a market place of its courts. They made God’s house a house of merchandise, whose minds are filled with cares about worldly business when attending religious exercises, or who perform holy offices for love of gain.
Destroy this temple - You will oppose me more and more; you will reject and despise me, until in your wickedness you will take my life and “destroy my body.” Here was therefore a distinct prediction of His death.
The word “temple,” or “dwelling,” was frequently used by the Jews to denote the “body” as being the residence of the spirit, 2 Corinthians 5:1. Christians are frequently called the ‘temple of God,’ as being those in whom the Holy Spirit dwells on earth, 1 Corinthians 3:16-17.
The Lord called His body a temple in accordance with the common use of language, and more particularly because “in Him the fullness of the Godhead dwelt bodily,” Colossians 2:9. The temple at Jerusalem was the appropriate dwelling place of God. His visible presence was there especially manifested 2 Chronicles 36:15. As the Lord Jesus was Divine - as the fullness of the Godhead dwelt in Him so His body might be called a “temple of God.”
In three days I will raise it up - The Jews had asked a “miracle” of him in proof of His authority that is, a proof that He was the Messiah. He tells them that a full proof of that would be His “resurrection from the dead.”
Though they would not be satisfied by any other miracle, yet by this they ought to be convinced that He came from heaven, and He was the long-expected Messiah. To the same evidence that He was the Christ He refers them on other occasions Matthew 12:38-39. Therefore He foretold His death and resurrection early, for at the beginning of His work He had a clear foresight of all that was to take place upon Him in the near future.
Christ, having cleansed the temple, gave a sign to those who demanded it, to prove His authority for so doing. He foretells His death by the Jews' malice, Destroy this temple; I will permit you to destroy it. He foretells His resurrection by His own power; “In three days I will raise it up.”
Christ took His own life. When Jesus was raised from the dead, His disciples remembered He has said this. It helps them much understand their master’s own Word, when they observe the fulfilling of the Scriptures written about Him.