The Validity of Jesus’ Testimony
12When Jesus spoke again to the people, He said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
13The Pharisees challenged Him, “Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid.”
14Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on My own behalf, My testimony is valid, for I know where I came from and where I am going. But you have no idea where I come from or where I am going.
15You judge by human standards; I pass judgment on no one. 16But if I do judge, My decisions are right, because I am not alone. I stand with the Father, Who sent Me. 17In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two men is valid.
18 I am One Who testifies for Myself; My other witness is the Father, Who sent Me.”
19Then they asked Him, “Where is your father?”
“You do not know Me or My Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew Me, you would know My Father also.”
20He spoke these words while teaching in the temple area near the place where the offerings were put. Yet no one seized Him, because His time had not yet come.
21Once more Jesus said to them, “I am going away, and you will look for Me, and you will die in your sin. Where I go, you cannot come.”
22This made the Jews ask, “Will He kill Himself? Is that why He says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’?”
23But He continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. 24 I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am [the one I claim to be], you will indeed die in your sins.”
25 “Who are you?” they asked.
“Just what I have been claiming all along,” Jesus replied. 26“I have much to say in judgment of you. But He Who sent Me is reliable, and what I have heard from Him I tell the world.”
27They did not understand that He was telling them about His Father. 28So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am [the one I claim to be] and that I do nothing on My own but speak just what the Father has taught Me. 29The One Who sent Me is with Me; He has not left Me alone, for I always do what pleases Him.” 30Even as He spoke, many put their faith in Him.
There are two rounds of ‘question and answer’ between Jesus and the Jews in the passage;
Jews: “Where is your father?”
Jesus: “You do not know Me or My Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew Me, you would know My Father also.”
To understand this verse better, we read in, John 14:9;
“Jesus answered: “Don't you know Me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen Me has seen the Father. How can you say, 'Show us the Father?””
This plainly tells us that the Son(Jesus) and the Father(Jehovah) is One.
Jews: “Who are you?”
Jesus: “Just what I have been claiming all along.”
Τὴν ἀρχὴν ὅ,τι καὶ λαλῶ ὑμῖν.
The accusative ἀρχήν and τήν ἀρχήν in the Greek writings is often used adverbially, equivalent to ὅλως altogether (properly, an accusative of ‘direction toward’, commonly followed by a negative, but not always; hence, that extremely difficult passage, John 8:25 Τὴν ἀρχὴν ὅ,τι καὶ λαλῶ ὑμῖν, must in my opinion be interpreted as follows:
“I am altogether or wholly (in all respects, precisely) that which I even speak to you (=I not only am, but also declare to you what I am; therefore you have no need to question Me)”
Therefore verse 25 means:
- This discourse telling them that He was the light of the world, and that Jehovah God was His Father, and that He was the One Who was to come, the true Messiah.
- He was the One Who spoke from the beginning to Moses, saying, “I am Who I am” and Who is that Word Who was from the beginning with God, and Who is called the Beginning and the First of all things, and of the creation of God.