Greetings and Doxology
Revelation 1:4-8 NIV
To the seven churches in the province of Asia:
Grace and peace to you from Him Who is, and Who was, and Who is to come, and from the seven Spirits before His throne, 5and from Jesus Christ, Who is the faithful witness, the Firstborn from the dead, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth.
To Him Who loves us and has freed us from our sins by His blood, 6and has made us to be a kingdom and priests to serve His God and Father—to Him be glory and power forever and ever! Amen.
7 Look, He is coming with the clouds,
and every eye will see Him,
even those who pierced Him;
and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of Him.
So shall it be! Amen.
8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “Who is, and Who was, and Who is to come, the Almighty.”
From Him Who Is, and Who Was, and Who Is to Come
ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος (ho on kai ho en kai ho erchomenos)
From Him Who is Everlasting - embracing all duration, past, present, and to come. No expression could more strikingly denote eternity than this. He now exists; He has existed in the past; He will exist in the future.
There is an evident allusion here to the name Yahweh, the name by which the true God is appropriately designated in the Scriptures. That name יהוה Yahweh, from היה haayah, ‘to be’, ‘to exist’, seems to have been adopted because it denotes His Existence, or His Being, and as denoting simply ‘One Who Exists’; and has reference merely to the fact of existence.
The word has no variation of form, and has no reference to time, and would embrace all time: that is, it is as true at one time as another that He exists. Such a word would not be inappropriately paraphrased by the phrase “Who is, and Who was, and Who is to come,” or “Who is to be”; and there can be no doubt that John referred to Him here as being Himself the Eternal and uncreated Existence, and as the Great and Original Fountain of all being.
“God said to Moses, “I Am Who I Am (אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֶֽהְיֶ֑ה ). This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I Am has sent me to you (אֶֽהְיֶ֖ה שְׁלָחַ֥נִי אֲלֵיכֶֽם).’”
From the Seven Spirits before His throne
Some people say that seven spirits here meant is not the Holy Spirit because it is most evident from the place, the number, and the tradition.
They think these seven spirits are angels; Revelation 3:1; Revelation 4:5; and particularly Revelation 5:6, where they are called the ‘seven spirits of God sent forth into all the earth’.
Those who believe the Holy Spirit to be intended suppose the number seven is used to denote His manifold gifts and graces.
Which interpretation is right?
We need to ask the Word of God to lead us to understand as intended.
What does the Word say?
“Grace and peace to you from Him Who is, and Who was, and Who is to come, and from the seven Spirits before His throne, and from the Seven Spirits before His throne, and from Jesus Christ, Who is the Faithful Witness, the Firstborn from the dead, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth.”
The Word of God says, “Grace and Peace comes”
- From Him Who is, and Who was, and Who is to come - Father
- From the Seven Spirits before His throne - Holy Spirit
- From Jesus Christ, Who is the Faithful Witness, the Firstborn from the dead, and the Ruler of the kings of the earth - Son
The Word of God never says “God’s Grace and Peace” comes from ‘seven spirits’ or ‘seven angels’
I believe that the number of God ‘7(seven)’ simply means; the ‘fullness and diversity of the Work of the Holy Spirit’, not His Existence or Being.