Romans 8:1-17 NIV
Life Through the Spirit
1 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set youa free from the law of sin and death.
3For what the law was powerless to do because it was weakened by the flesh,b God did by sending His Own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh to be a sin offering.c And so He condemned sin in the flesh, 4in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.
5Those who live according to the flesh have their minds set on what the flesh desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. 6The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace. 7The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God’s law, nor can it do so. 8Those who are in the realm of the flesh cannot please God.
9You, however, are not in the realm of the flesh but are in the realm of the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, they do not belong to Christ. 10But if Christ is in you, then even though your body is subject to death because of sin, the Spirit gives lifed because of righteousness.
11 And if the Spirit of Him Who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, He Who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies because ofe His Spirit Who lives in you.
12Therefore, brothers and sisters, we have an obligation—but it is not to the flesh, to live according to it. 13For if you live according to the flesh, you will die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the misdeeds of the body, you will live.
14 For those who are led by the Spirit of God are the children of God.
15The Spirit you received does not make you slaves, so that you live in fear again; rather, the Spirit you received brought about your adoption to sonship.f
And by Him we cry, “Abba,g Father.”
16The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children. 17Now if we are children, then we are heirs—heirs of God and co-heirs with Christ, if indeed we share in His sufferings in order that we may also share in His Glory.
There is therefore now, no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus - The apostle has discoursed in the preceding chapter 7, concerning the struggle and combat believers feel within themselves, and opened the true causes and reasons of the saints' grievances and complaints, and what gives them the greatest uneasiness in this life.
Now in chapter 8, He proceeds to take notice of;
1. the solid ground and foundation they have of spiritual peace and joy, which arise from their justification and adoption,
2. the everlasting and unchangeable love of God in Christ Who is the source, spring, and security of all the blessings of grace.
The chapter begins with a most comfortable account of the safety of believers in Christ. The apostle does not say there is nothing condemnable in them, for sin is in them and is condemnable but it cannot bring them into condemnation, because of their being in Christ Jesus.
Moreover, the apostle says, that there is no condemnation now to the saints "now" in Christ. It is true indeed they were under a sentence of condemnation, as considered in Adam, and under a covenant of works with him, but as considered in Christ, as the elect of God always were, and who was their surety, and so their security from all eternity, they never were in a state of condemnation, nor there may be condemnation to them hereafter, for the cause of condemnation, is removed because Christ has borne the condemnation their sins deserved in Himself; their justification is from all sin, past, present, and to come; their union to Christ is indissoluble, and neither the love of Christ, nor the justice of God, will admit of their condemnation.
Verse 15 - Abba Father
The Spirit of God produces the condition of adoption.
Ὑιοθεσία adoption, is from υἱός son, and θέσις a setting or placing - the placing one in the position of a son.
We cry (κράζομεν) - of a loud cry expressing deep emotion.
Abba (Ἁββᾶ) - Chaldee for Father.
The Spirit God bestows upon those who are accepted as His children. Paul was writing to the Romans, among whom the adoption of children, not their own by nature, was common. They would understand this to mean that those converted, or born again, are adopted as children of God. Upon those adopted He bestows His Spirit; this Spirit in their hearts produces a loving trust that enables them to address God as Abba Father.