Romans 10:1-21 NIV
1Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for the Israelites is that they may be saved. 2For I can testify about them that they are zealous for God, but their zeal is not based on knowledge. 3Since they did not know the righteousness of God and sought to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness.
4 Christ is the culmination of the law so that there may be righteousness for everyone who believes.
5Moses writes this about the righteousness that is by the law: “The person who does these things will live by them.”a
6But the righteousness that is by faith says: “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’ ”b (that is, to bring Christ down) 7“or ‘Who will descend into the deep?’ ”c (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead).
8But what does it say? “The word is near you; it is in your mouth and in your heart,”d that is, the message concerning faith that we proclaim:
9 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.
11As Scripture says, “Anyone who believes in Him will never be put to shame.”e 12For there is no difference between Jew and Gentile—the same Lord is Lord of all and richly blesses all who call on Him,
14How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? 15And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!”g
16But not all the Israelites accepted the good news. For Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our message?”h
17 Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the Word about Christ.
18But I ask: Did they not hear? Of course they did:
“Their voice has gone out into all the earth,
their words to the ends of the world.”i
19Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says,
“I will make you envious by those who are not a nation;
I will make you angry by a nation that has no understanding.”j
20And Isaiah boldly says,
“I was found by those who did not seek me;
I revealed Myself to those who did not ask for Me.”k
21But concerning Israel he says,
“All day long I have held out My hands
to a disobedient and obstinate people.”l
ἄρα ἡ πίστις ἐξ ἀκοῆς, ἡ δὲ ἀκοὴ διὰ ῥήματος Χριστοῦ.
"So faith proceeds from (spiritual) hearing; moreover this hearing (is consummated) through a rhēma-word from Christ"
ῥῆμα rhḗma (from rhéō, "to speak") – a spoken word, made "by the living voice" rhḗma ("spoken-word") is commonly used in the New Testament (and in LXX) for the Lord speaking His dynamic, living word in a believer to inbirth faith ("His inwrought persuasion").
That is “by preaching”, for the word “hearing” is used in the same sense as in the preceding verse; and designs the report of the Gospel, or the preaching of the word, which is the means God makes use of, to convey faith into the hearts of His people. Preachers are ministers, or instruments, by whom others believe. And hearing by the word of Christ intends either the Holy Scriptures, which have God for their Author, and Christ for the Subject of them; and which furnish the men of God, or ministers of the Gospel, with proper materials to preach.
Those men preach the Gospel in obedience to the commandment of the everlasting God, and according to the orders, mission, and commission, warrant and authority, of the Lord Jesus Christ. And so these words are the conclusion, and sum of the whole so faith to hearing, hearing to preaching, preaching to a mission. That it is the original Will of God, to send forth His apostles and ministers, to preach the Gospel to the Gentiles, as well as to the Jews so that they hear, believe, and call upon the Lord, and so be saved by Him.