Monday, March 25, 2013

Why Have You Forsaken Me?

Psalm 22

For the director of music. To the tune of “The Doe of the Morning.” A psalm of David.

1 My God, my God, why have You forsaken Me?
Why are you so far from saving me,
so far from my cries of anguish?
2My God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer,
by night, but I find no rest.b
3Yet you are enthroned as the Holy One;
you are the one Israel praises.c
4In you our ancestors put their trust;
they trusted and you delivered them.
5To you they cried out and were saved;
in you they trusted and were not put to shame.
6But I am a worm and not a man,
scorned by everyone, despised by the people.
7All who see me mock me;
they hurl insults, shaking their heads.
8“He trusts in the Lord,” they say,
“let the Lord rescue him.
Let him deliver him,
since he delights in him.”
9Yet you brought me out of the womb;
you made me trust in you, even at my mother’s breast.
10From birth I was cast on you;
from my mother’s womb you have been my God.
11Do not be far from me,
for trouble is near
and there is no one to help.
12Many bulls surround me;
strong bulls of Bashan encircle me.
13Roaring lions that tear their prey
open their mouths wide against me.
14I am poured out like water,
and all my bones are out of joint.
My heart has turned to wax;
it has melted within me.
15My mouthd is dried up like a potsherd,
and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth;
you lay me in the dust of death.
16Dogs surround me,
a pack of villains encircles me;
they piercee my hands and my feet.
17All my bones are on display;
people stare and gloat over me.
18They divide my clothes among them
and cast lots for my garment.
19But you, Lord, do not be far from me.
You are my strength; come quickly to help me.
20Deliver me from the sword,
my precious life from the power of the dogs.
21Rescue me from the mouth of the lions;
save me from the horns of the wild oxen.
22I will declare your name to my people;
in the assembly I will praise you.
23You who fear the Lord, praise him!
All you descendants of Jacob, honor him!
Revere him, all you descendants of Israel!
24For he has not despised or scorned
the suffering of the afflicted one;
he has not hidden his face from him
but has listened to his cry for help.
25From you comes the theme of my praise in the great assembly;
before those who fear youf I will fulfill my vows.
26The poor will eat and be satisfied;
those who seek the Lord will praise him—
may your hearts live forever!
27All the ends of the earth
will remember and turn to the Lord,
and all the families of the nations
will bow down before him,
28for dominion belongs to the Lord
and he rules over the nations.
29All the rich of the earth will feast and worship;
all who go down to the dust will kneel before him—
those who cannot keep themselves alive.
30Posterity will serve him;
future generations will be told about the Lord.
31They will proclaim his righteousness,
declaring to a people yet unborn:
He has done it!


Verse 1

My God, My God, Why Have You Forsaken Me?

אֵלִ֣י אֵ֭לִי לָמָ֣ה עֲזַבְתָּ֑נִי  ’ê·lî  ’ê·lî  lā·māh ‘ă·zaḇ·tā·nî;

Ἠλὶ ἠλὶ, λιμᾶ σαβαχθανί  Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? Matthew 27:46

(שְׁבַקתַּנִי, from the Chaldean שְׁבַק),You have forsaken me: Matthew 27:46; Mark 15:34 (from Psalm 21:2, for the Hebrew עֲזַבְתַּנִי, which is so rendered).

God is the God of Christ as He is man; He prepared a body for Him, an human nature; anointed it with the oil of gladness; supported it under all its sorrows and sufferings, and at last exalted it at His Own Right Hand:, and Christ behaved towards Him as His covenant God; prayed to Him, believed in Him, loved Him, and was obedient to Him as such; and here expresses His faith of interest in Him, when He hid His face from Him, on account of which He expostulates with Him thus, "Why Have You Forsaken Me?" which is to be understood, not as if the hypostatical or personal union of the divine and human natures were dissolved, or that the one was now separated from the other: for the fullness of the Godhead still dwelt bodily in Him; nor that He ceased to be the object of the Father's love; for so He was in the midst of all His sufferings, yea, His Father loved Him because He laid down His life for the sheep; nor that the principle of joy and comfort was lost in Him, only the act and sense of it.

He was now deprived of the gracious presence of God, of the manifestations of His love to His human soul, and had a sense of divine wrath, not for His own sins, but for the sins of His people, and was for a while destitute of help and comfort; all which were necessary in order to make satisfaction for sin: for as he had the sins of His people imputed to Him, He must bear the whole punishment of them, which is twofold the punishment of loss and the punishment of sense; the former lies in a deprivation of the Divine presence, and the latter in a sense of Divine wrath, and both Christ sustained as the surety of His people.

He knew that as He was wounded and bruised for the sins of His people, He was deserted on the same reason; not as impatient for He was a mirror of patience in all His sufferings.
But this is done to set forth the greatness and bitterness of His sufferings; that not only men hid their faces from Him, and the sun in the firmament withdrew its light and heat from Him, His God departed from Him. Therefore it appears that He was truly man, had an human soul, and endured sorrows and sufferings and this may be of use to His members, to expect the hidings of God's face, and to teach them to wait patiently for Him, and to trust in the Lord, and wait upon their God, even when they walk in darkness and see no light.   In these very words, He strongly expresses and repeats His faith in God the Father ; see Psalm 22:8; and also Isaiah 50:6

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