Job 33:1-33 NIV
1“But now, Job, listen to my words;
pay attention to everything I say.
2I am about to open my mouth;
my words are on the tip of my tongue.
3My words come from an upright heart;
my lips sincerely speak what I know.
4 The Spirit of God has made me;
the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5Answer me then, if you can;
stand up and argue your case before me.
6I am the same as you in God’s sight;
I too am a piece of clay.
7No fear of me should alarm you,
nor should my hand be heavy on you.
8“But you have said in my hearing—
I heard the very words—
9‘I am pure, I have done no wrong;
I am clean and free from sin.
10Yet God has found fault with me;
he considers me His enemy.
11He fastens my feet in shackles;
He keeps close watch on all my paths.’
12“But I tell you, in this you are not right,
for God is greater than any mortal.
13Why do you complain to Him
that He responds to no one’s wordsa ?
14For God does speak—now one way, now another—
though no one perceives it.
15In a dream, in a vision of the night,
when deep sleep falls on people
as they slumber in their beds,
16He may speak in their ears
and terrify them with warnings,
17to turn them from wrongdoing
and keep them from pride,
18to preserve them from the pit,
their lives from perishing by the sword.b
19“Or someone may be chastened on a bed of pain
with constant distress in their bones,
20so that their body finds food repulsive
and their soul loathes the choicest meal.
21Their flesh wastes away to nothing,
and their bones, once hidden, now stick out.
22They draw near to the pit,
and their life to the messengers of death.c
23Yet if there is an angel at their side,
a messenger, one out of a thousand,
sent to tell them how to be upright,
24and he is gracious to that person and says to God,
‘Spare them from going down to the pit;
I have found a ransom for them—
25let their flesh be renewed like a child’s;
let them be restored as in the days of their youth’—
26then that person can pray to God and find favor with him,
they will see God’s face and shout for joy;
he will restore them to full well-being.
27And they will go to others and say,
‘I have sinned, I have perverted what is right,
but I did not get what I deserved.
28God has delivered me from going down to the pit,
and I shall live to enjoy the light of life.’
29“God does all these things to a person—
twice, even three times—
30to turn them back from the pit,
that the light of life may shine on them.
31“Pay attention, Job, and listen to me;
be silent, and I will speak.
32If you have anything to say, answer me;
speak up, for I want to vindicate you.
33But if not, then listen to me;
be silent, and I will teach you wisdom.”
מָצָ֥אתִי כֹֽפֶר׃ I have found a ransom - כפר copher, an atonement. Pay a ransom for him, פדעהו pedaehu, that he may not go down to the pit - to corruption or destruction, for I have found out an atonement. It is this that gives efficacy to all the preceding means; without which they would be useless, and the salvation of man impossible. I must think that the redemption of a lost world, by Jesus Christ, is not obscurely signified in Job 33:23-24.
While the whole world lay in the wicked one, and were all hastening to the bottomless pit, God so loved the world that He gave His Only-Begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on Him might not perish, but have everlasting life. Jesus Christ, the great sacrifice, and head of the Church, commissions His messengers - apostles and their successors - to show men the righteousness of God, and His displeasure at sin, and at the same time His infinite love, which commands them to proclaim deliverance to the captives, and that they who believe on Him shall not perish, shall not go down to the pit of destruction, for He has found out an atonement; and that whoever comes to Him, through Christ, shall have everlasting life, in virtue of that atonement or ransom price.