Job 2:1-13 NIV
1 On another day the angelsa came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came with them to present himself before Him.
2And the Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?”
Satan answered the Lord, “From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it.”
3Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one on earth like him; he is blameless and upright, a man who fears God and shuns evil. And he still maintains his integrity, though you incited me against him to ruin him without any reason.”
4“Skin for skin!” Satan replied. “A man will give all he has for his own life. 5But now stretch out Your hand and strike his flesh and bones, and he will surely curse you to Your face.”
6The Lord said to Satan, “Very well, then, he is in your hands; but you must spare his life.”
7So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and afflicted Job with painful sores from the soles of his feet to the crown of his head. 8Then Job took a piece of broken pottery and scraped himself with it as he sat among the ashes.
9His wife said to him, “Are you still maintaining your integrity? Curse God and die!”
10He replied, “You are talking like a foolishb woman. Shall we accept good from God, and not trouble?”
In all this, Job did not sin in what he said.
11When Job’s three friends, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite, heard about all the troubles that had come upon him, they set out from their homes and met together by agreement to go and sympathize with him and comfort him.12When they saw him from a distance, they could hardly recognize him; they began to weep aloud, and they tore their robes and sprinkled dust on their heads. 13Then they sat on the ground with him for seven days and seven nights. No one said a word to him, because they saw how great his suffering was.
To present himself before the Lord - This does not occur in the former statement in Job 1:6. It here means that he came before the Lord after he had had permission to afflict; Job. The Chaldee renders it "that he might stand in judgment דין dı̂yn before the Lord."
These seasons are represented as periodical, when the angels came, as it were, to make report to God of what they had observed and done. The Chaldee renders this, "And there was a day of the great judgment (רבא דינא יום yôm dı̂ynā' rābā'), a day of the remission of sins (שבוק יום סרחניא) and there came bands (כתי) of angels."
We left Job honourably acquitted upon a fair trial between God and Satan concerning him. Satan had leave to touch, to touch and take, all he had, and was confident that he would then curse God to his face; but, on the contrary, he blessed Him, and so he was proved an honest man and Satan a false accuser.
Now, one would have thought, this would be conclusive, and that Job would never have his reputation called in question again; but Job is known to be armor of proof, and therefore is here set up for a mark, and brought upon his trial, a second time.
I. Satan moves for another trial, which should touch his bone and his flesh (v. 1-5).
II. God, for holy ends, permits it (v. 6).
III. Satan smites him with a very painful and loathsome disease (v. 7, 8).
IV. His wife tempts him to curse God, but he resists the temptation (v. 9, 10).
V. His friends come to condole with him and to comfort him (v. 11-13).
And in this that good man is set forth for an example of suffering affliction and of patience.
Skin for skin-a proverb. Supply, “He will give.” The “skin” is figurative for any outward good. Nothing outward is so dear that a man will not exchange it for some other outward good; but “life,” the inward good, cannot be replaced; a man will sacrifice everything else for its sake.
Satan sneers bitterly at man’s egotism and says that Job bears the loss of property and children because these are mere outward and exchangeable goods, but he will give up all things, even his faith, in order to save his life, if you touch his bones and flesh. “Skin” and “life” are in antithesis
The martyrs prove Satan’s sneer false. So Job might bear the loss of his children, wealth so long as he remained unhurt himself; but when touched in his own person, he would renounce God. Thus the first “skin” means the other’s skin, that is, body; the second “skin,” one’s own, as in Exodus 21:28.