Hebrews 1:4-14 NIV
4So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs.
The Son Superior to Angels
5For to which of the angels did God ever say,
“You are My Son;
today I have become Your Father”a ?
“I will be His Father,
and He will be My Son”b ?
6And again, when God brings His firstborn into the world, He says,
“Let all God’s angels worship Him.”c
7In speaking of the angels he says,
“He makes His angels spirits,
and His servants flames of fire.”d
8But about the Son He says,
“Your Throne, O God, will last for ever and ever;
a scepter of justice will be the scepter of Your Kingdom.
9You have loved righteousness and hated wickedness;
therefore God, Your God, has set you above your companions
by anointing you with the oil of joy.”e
10He also says,
“In the beginning, Lord, You laid the foundations of the earth,
and the heavens are the work of Your Hands.
11They will perish, but You remain;
they will all wear out like a garment.
12You will roll them up like a robe;
like a garment they will be changed.
But You remain the same,
and Your years will never end.”f
13To which of the angels did God ever say,
“Sit at My Right Hand
until I make Your enemies
a footstool for Your feet”g ?
14 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation?
Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine Will by their ministry. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship.
Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on Christ's being the Creator of all things, and therefore of angels themselves, but as being the Risen and Exalted Messiah in human nature, to whom angels, authorities, and powers are made subject. To prove this, several passages are brought from the Old Testament. On comparing what God there says of the angels, with what He says to Christ, the inferiority of the angels to Christ plainly appears.
Here is the office of the angels; they are God's ministers or servants, to do His Will. But, how much greater things are said of Christ by the Father! And let us own and honor Him as God the Son; for if He had not been God, He could never have done the Mediator's work, and had never worn the Mediator's Crown. It is declared how Christ was qualified for the office of Mediator, and how He was confirmed in it: He has the Name Messiah from His being anointed.
Only as Man He has His fellows, and as anointed with the Holy Spirit; but He is above all prophets, priests, and kings, that ever were employed in the service of God on earth. Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 102:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty Power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. Christ will fold up this world as a garment, not to be abused any longer, not to be used as it has been. As a sovereign, when his garments of state are folded and put away, is a sovereign still, so our Lord, when He has laid aside the earth and heavens like a vesture, shall be still the same.
Sin has made a great change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great change in it for the better. Let the thoughts of this make us watchful, diligent, and desirous of that better world. The Savior has done much to make all men His friends, yet He has many enemies. But they shall be made His footstool, by humble submission, or by utter destruction. Christ shall go on conquering and to conquer.
The most exalted angels are but ministering spirits, mere servants of Christ, to execute His commands. The saints, at present, are heirs, not yet come into possession. The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Spirit. Angels shall gather all the saints together at the last day, when all whose hearts and hopes are set upon perishing treasures and fading glories, will be driven from Christ's presence into everlasting misery.