Hebrews 10:19-39 NIV
A Call to Persevere in Faith
19Therefore, brothers and sisters, since we have confidence to enter the Most Holy Place by the Blood of Jesus, 20 by a new and living way opened for us through the curtain, that is, His Body, 21and since we have a Great Priest over the House of God, 22let us draw near to God with a sincere heart and with the full assurance that faith brings, having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us from a guilty conscience and having our bodies washed with pure water. 23Let us hold unswervingly to the hope we profess, for He Who promised is faithful. 24And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds, 25 not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching.
26 If we deliberately keep on sinning after we have received the knowledge of the truth, no sacrifice for sins is left, 27 but only a fearful expectation of judgment and of raging fire that will consume the enemies of God.
28Anyone who rejected the law of Moses died without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. 29How much more severely do you think someone deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, who has treated as an unholy thing the Blood of the covenant that sanctified them, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?
30For we know Him Who said, “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,”d and again, “The Lord will judge His people.”e 31It is a dreadful thing to fall into the Hands of the Living God.
32Remember those earlier days after you had received the light, when you endured in a great conflict full of suffering. 33Sometimes you were publicly exposed to insult and persecution; at other times you stood side by side with those who were so treated. 34You suffered along with those in prison and joyfully accepted the confiscation of your property, because you knew that you yourselves had better and lasting possessions. 35So do not throw away your confidence; it will be richly rewarded.
36 You need to persevere so that when you have done the Will of God, you will receive what He has promised.
“In just a little while,
He Who is coming will come
and will not delay.”f
“But My righteousg one will live by faith.
And I take no pleasure
in the one who shrinks back.”h
39But we do not belong to those who shrink back and are destroyed, but to those who have faith and are saved.
Since it was a fact that such a Sacrificial Atonement had been made; that One Great Offering for sin had been presented to God which was never to be repeated, there were certain consequences which followed from that, which the apostle proceeds to state. They were these:
(a) the privilege of drawing near to God with full assurance of faith Hebrews 10:22;
(b) the duty of holding fast the profession of faith without wavering Hebrews 10:23;
(c) the duty of exhorting one another to fidelity and to good works Hebrews 10:24;
(d) the duty of assembling for public worship, since they had a High Priest in heaven, and might now draw near to God; Hebrews 10:25.
As a "reason" for fidelity in the divine life, and for embracing the offer of mercy now made through the One Sacrifice on the cross, the apostle urges the consequence which "must" follow from the rejection of that atonement, and especially after having been made acquainted with the truth. The result, says he, must be certain destruction. If that was rejected, there could remain nothing but a fearful expectation of judgment for there was no other way of salvation. In support of this, the apostle refers to what was the effect, under the Law of Moses, of disobedience, and says that, under the greater light of the gospel, much more fearful results must follow.
The chapter closes with an exhortation to fidelity and perseverance. The apostle reminds those to whom he wrote of what they had already endured; encourages them by the commendation of what they had already done, and especially by the kindness which they had shown to him; says that they had need only of patience, and that the time of their deliverance from all trial was not far off, for that He Who was to come would come; says that it was their duty to live by faith, but that if any one drew back, God could have no pleasure in him. Having thus in the close of the chapter alluded to the subject of faith, he proceeds in the following chapter to illustrate its value at length. The object of the whole is to encourage Christians to make strenuous efforts for salvation; to guard them against the danger of apostasy; and to exhort them to bear their trials with patience, and with submission to the Will of God.