Hebrews 10:1-18 NIV
Christ’s Sacrifice Once for All
1The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2Otherwise, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins. 4 It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
5 Therefore, when Christ came into the world, He said:
“Sacrifice and offering You did not desire,
but a Body you prepared for Me;
6 with burnt offerings and sin offerings
You were not pleased.
7 Then I said, ‘Here I am—it is written about Me in the scroll—
I have come to do Your Will, My God.’ ”a
8First He said, “Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them”—though they were offered in accordance with the law.
9Then He said, “Here I am, I have come to do Your Will.” He sets aside the first to establish the second.
10 And by that Will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the Body of Jesus Christ once for all.
11Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
12 But when this Priest had offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, He sat down at the Right Hand of God, 13 and since that time He waits for His enemies to be made His footstool. 14 For by one sacrifice He has made perfect forever those who are being made holy.
15The Holy Spirit also testifies to us about this. First He says:
16 “This is the covenant I will make with them
after that time,
says the Lord.
I will put my laws in their hearts,
and I will write them on their minds.”b
17Then He adds:
“Their sins and lawless acts
I will remember no more.”c
18And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.
The general subject of this chapter is the sacrifice which Christ has made for sin, and the consequences which flow from the fact, that he has made a sufficient atonement. In chapter 9, the apostle had shown that the Jewish rites were designed to be temporary and typical, and that the offerings which were made under that dispensation could never remove sin.
In this chapter he shows that the true sacrifice had been made, by which sin could be pardoned, and that certain very important consequences followed from that fact. The subject of "sacrifice" was the most important part of the Mosaic law, and was also the essential thing in the Gospel age, and hence, it is that the apostle highlights at a great length. The chapter embraces the following topics.
I. The apostle repeats what he had said before about the inefficacy of the sacrifices made under the Law; Hebrews 10:1-4. The Law was a mere shadow of good things to come, and the sacrifices which were made under it could never make those who offered them perfect. This was conclusively proved by the fact that they continued constantly to be offered.
II. Since this was the fact in regard to those sacrifices, a better offering had been provided in the gospel by the Redeemer; Hebrews 10:5-10. A body had been prepared Him for this work; and when God had said that He had no pleasure in the offerings under the Law, Christ had come and offered His Body once for all, in order that an effectual atonement might be made for sin.
III. This sentiment the apostle further illustrates, by showing how this One Great Offering was connected with the forgiveness of sins; Hebrews 10:11-18. Under the Jewish dispensation, sacrifices were repeated every day; but under the Gospel, when the sacrifice was once made, He Who had offered it sat down forever on the Right Hand of God, for His great work was done. Having done this, He looked forward to the time when His work would have full effect, and when His enemies would be made His footstool. That this was to be the effect of the offering made by the Messiah, the apostle then shows from the Scriptures themselves, where it is said Jeremiah 31:33-34, that under the gospel the laws of God would be written on the heart, and sin would be remembered no more. There must then be, the apostle inferred, some way by which this was to be secured, and this was by the great sacrifice on the Cross, which had the effect of perfecting forever those who were sanctified.