Leviticus 16:1-34 NIV
The Day of Atonement
1The Lord Spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron who died when they approached The Lord. 2The Lord Said to Moses:
“Tell your brother Aaron that he is not to come whenever he chooses into the Most Holy Place behind the curtain in front of the Atonement Cover on the Ark, or else he will die. For I WILL Appear in the cloud over the Atonement Cover.
3“This is how Aaron is to enter the Most Holy Place: He must first bring a young bull for a sin offeringaand a ram for a burnt offering. 4He is to put on the sacred linen tunic, with linen undergarments next to his body; he is to tie the linen sash around him and put on the linen turban. These are sacred garments; so he must bathe himself with water before he puts them on. 5From the Israelite community he is to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.
6“Aaron is to offer the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household.7Then he is to take the two goats and present them Before The Lord at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
8 He is to cast lots for the two goats—
one lot for The Lord and the other for the scapegoat.
9Aaron shall bring the goat whose lot falls to The Lord and sacrifice it for a sin offering. 10But the goat chosen by lot as the scapegoat shall be presented alive Before The Lord to be used for making atonement by sending it into the wilderness as a scapegoat.
11“Aaron shall bring the bull for his own sin offering to make atonement for himself and his household, and he is to slaughter the bull for his own sin offering. 12He is to take a censer full of burning coals from the altar Before The Lord and two handfuls of finely ground fragrant incense and take them behind the curtain.13He is to put the incense on the fire Before The Lord, and the smoke of the incense will conceal the atonement cover above the tablets of the Covenant Law, so that he will not die. 14He is to take some of the bull’s blood and with his finger sprinkle it on the front of the Atonement Cover; then he shall sprinkle some of it with his finger seven times before the Atonement Cover.
15“He shall then slaughter the goat for the sin offering for the people and take its blood behind the curtain and do with it as he did with the bull’s blood: He shall sprinkle it on the Atonement Cover and in front of it.
16In this way he will make atonement for the Most Holy Place because of the uncleanness and rebellion of the Israelites, whatever their sins have been. He is to do the same for the tent of meeting, which is among them in the midst of their uncleanness. 17No one is to be in the tent of meeting from the time Aaron goes in to make atonement in the Most Holy Place until he comes out, having made atonement for himself, his household and the whole community of Israel.
18“Then he shall come out to the altar that is Before The Lord and make atonement for it. He shall take some of the bull’s blood and some of the goat’s blood and put it on all the horns of the altar. 19He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times to cleanse it and to consecrate it from the uncleanness of the Israelites.
20“When Aaron has finished making atonement for the Most Holy Place, the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall bring forward the live goat. 21He is to lay both hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the wickedness and rebellion of the Israelites—all their sins—and put them on the goat’s head.
He shall send the goat away into the wilderness in the care of someone appointed for the task.
22 The goat will carry on itself all their sins to a remote place; and the man shall release it in the wilderness.
23“Then Aaron is to go into the tent of meeting and take off the linen garments he put on before he entered the Most Holy Place, and he is to leave them there. 24He shall bathe himself with water in the sanctuary area and put on his regular garments. Then he shall come out and sacrifice the burnt offering for himself and the burnt offering for the people, to make atonement for himself and for the people. 25He shall also burn the fat of the sin offering on the altar.
26“The man who releases the goat as a scapegoat must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp. 27The bull and the goat for the sin offerings, whose blood was brought into the Most Holy Place to make atonement, must be taken outside the camp; their hides, flesh and intestines are to be burned up. 28The man who burns them must wash his clothes and bathe himself with water; afterward he may come into the camp.
29“This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: On the tenth day of the seventh month you must deny yourselvesc and not do any work—whether native-born or a foreigner residing among you— 30because on this day atonement will be made for you, to cleanse you. Then, Before The Lord, you will be clean from all your sins. 31It is a day of Sabbath rest, and you must deny yourselves; it is a lasting ordinance. 32The priest who is anointed and ordained to succeed his father as high priest is to make atonement. He is to put on the sacred linen garments 33and make atonement for the Most Holy Place, for the tent of meeting and the altar, and for the priests and all the members of the community.
34“This is to be a lasting ordinance for you: Atonement is to be made once a year for all the sins of the Israelites.”
And it was done, As The Lord Commanded Moses.
CHRIST and the Sacrificial Laws of the Old Testament
CHRIST’s Sacrifice Once for All
1The Law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves. For this reason it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. 2Otherwise, would they not have stopped being offered? For the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and would no longer have felt guilty for their sins. 3But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins.
4It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
4It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.
5 Therefore, when CHRIST Came into the world, HE Said:
“Sacrifice and offering YOU Did Not Desire,
but A Body YOU Prepared for ME;
6 with burnt offerings and sin offerings
YOU were not pleased.
7 Then I Said, ‘Here I AM—It Is Written about ME in the scroll— I Have Come To Do YOUR Will, My GOD.’ ”
8First HE Said, “Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings YOU Did Not Desire, Nor Were YOU Pleased With them”—though they were offered in accordance with the law.
9Then HE Said, “Here I AM, I Have Come To Do YOUR WILL.” HE Sets Aside the first to establish the second.
10 And by that WILL, we have been made holy through the Sacrifice of The Body of JESUS CHRIST once for all.
11Day after day every priest stands and performs his religious duties; again and again he offers the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
12But when This Priest Had Offered for all time One Sacrifice for sins, HE Sat Down at the Right Hand of GOD, 13and since that time HE Waits for His enemies to be made His Footstool. 14For by One Sacrifice HE Has Made perfect forever those who are being made holy.
15The HOLY SPIRIT also Testifies to us about this. First HE Says:
16 “This is the covenant I WILL Make with them
after that time, Says The Lord.
I WILL Put My Laws in their hearts,
and I WILL Write them on their minds.”
17Then HE Adds:
“Their sins and lawless acts
I WILL Remember no more.”c
18And where these have been forgiven, sacrifice for sin is no longer necessary.