Leviticus 11:1-47 NIV
Clean and Unclean Food
1The Lord Said to Moses and Aaron, 2“Say to the Israelites: ‘Of all the animals that live on land, these are the ones you may eat: 3 You may eat any animal that has a divided hoof and that chews the cud.
4“ ‘There are some that only chew the cud or only have a divided hoof, but you must not eat them. The camel, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is ceremonially unclean for you. 5The hyrax, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you. 6The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you. 7And the pig, though it has a divided hoof, does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you. 8You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.
9“ ‘Of all the creatures living in the water of the seas and the streams you may eat any that have fins and scales. 10But all creatures in the seas or streams that do not have fins and scales—whether among all the swarming things or among all the other living creatures in the water—you are to regard as unclean. 11And since you are to regard them as unclean, you must not eat their meat; you must regard their carcasses as unclean. 12Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be regarded as unclean by you.
13“ ‘These are the birds you are to regard as unclean and not eat because they are unclean: the eagle,athe vulture, the black vulture, 14the red kite, any kind of black kite, 15any kind of raven, 16the horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, 17the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl, 18the white owl, the desert owl, the osprey, 19the stork, any kind of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.
20“ ‘All flying insects that walk on all fours are to be regarded as unclean by you. 21There are, however, some flying insects that walk on all fours that you may eat: those that have jointed legs for hopping on the ground. 22Of these you may eat any kind of locust, katydid, cricket or grasshopper. 23But all other flying insects that have four legs you are to regard as unclean.
24“ ‘You will make yourselves unclean by these; whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening. 25Whoever picks up one of their carcasses must wash their clothes, and they will be unclean till evening.
26“ ‘Every animal that does not have a divided hoof or that does not chew the cud is unclean for you; whoever touches the carcass of any of them will be unclean. 27Of all the animals that walk on all fours, those that walk on their paws are unclean for you; whoever touches their carcasses will be unclean till evening.28Anyone who picks up their carcasses must wash their clothes, and they will be unclean till evening. These animals are unclean for you.
29“ ‘Of the animals that move along the ground, these are unclean for you: the weasel, the rat, any kind of great lizard, 30the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon. 31Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening. 32When one of them dies and falls on something, that article, whatever its use, will be unclean, whether it is made of wood, cloth, hide or sackcloth. Put it in water; it will be unclean till evening, and then it will be clean. 33If one of them falls into a clay pot, everything in it will be unclean, and you must break the pot. 34Any food you are allowed to eat that has come into contact with water from any such pot is unclean, and any liquid that is drunk from such a pot is unclean. 35Anything that one of their carcasses falls on becomes unclean; an oven or cooking pot must be broken up. They are unclean, and you are to regard them as unclean. 36A spring, however, or a cistern for collecting water remains clean, but anyone who touches one of these carcasses is unclean. 37If a carcass falls on any seeds that are to be planted, they remain clean. 38But if water has been put on the seed and a carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you.
39“ ‘If an animal that you are allowed to eat dies, anyone who touches its carcass will be unclean till evening. 40Anyone who eats some of its carcass must wash their clothes, and they will be unclean till evening. Anyone who picks up the carcass must wash their clothes, and they will be unclean till evening.
41“ ‘Every creature that moves along the ground is to be regarded as unclean; it is not to be eaten. 42You are not to eat any creature that moves along the ground, whether it moves on its belly or walks on all fours or on many feet; it is unclean. 43Do not defile yourselves by any of these creatures. Do not make yourselves unclean by means of them or be made unclean by them.
44 I AM The Lord your GOD; consecrate yourselves and be holy, Because I AM Holy.
Do not make yourselves unclean by any creature that moves along the ground.
45 I AM The Lord, Who Brought you up out of Egypt To Be your GOD; therefore be holy, Because I AM Holy.
46“ ‘These are the regulations concerning animals, birds, every living thing that moves about in the water and every creature that moves along the ground.
47 You must distinguish between the unclean and the clean, between living creatures that may be eaten and those that may not be eaten.’ ”
What does the Bible say about holiness? What does it mean to be holy?
In1 Peter 1:13-16, Peter writes to believers, "Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of JESUS CHRIST. As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance, but like The Holy One Who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; because it is written, 'You shall be holy, For I AM Holy.'" Peter is quoting from Leviticus 11:44 and Leviticus 19:2.
First, let's look at GOD's Holiness. What does it mean that God Is Holy? Passages like 1 Samuel 2:2 and Isaiah 6:3 are just two of many examples of passages about GOD’s Holiness. Another way to say it is absolute perfection. GOD Is Unlike any other (see Hosea 11:9), and His Holiness is the essence of that “otherness.”
His Very Being Is completely absent of even a trace of sin (James 1:13; Hebrews 6:18). HE Is High above any other, and no one can compare to Him (Psalm 40:5). GOD’s Holiness pervades His entire being and shapes all His attributes. His Love Is A Holy Love, His Mercy Is Holy Mercy, and even His Anger and Wrath are Holy Anger and Holy Wrath. These concepts are difficult for humans to grasp, just as GOD Is difficult for us to understand in His Entirety.
Next, what does it mean for us to be holy? When God Told Israel to be holy in Leviticus 11 and 19, HE Was Instructing them to be distinct from the other nations by giving them specific regulations to govern their lives. Israel is GOD's chosen nation and GOD Has Set them apart from all other people groups. They are His special people, and consequently they were given standards that GOD Wanted them to live by so the world would know they belonged to Him.
When Peter repeats The Lord's WORDS in1 Peter 1:16, he is talking specifically to believers. As believers, we need to be "set apart" from the world unto The Lord. We need to be living by GOD's standards, not the world's. GOD Isn't Calling us to be perfect, but to be distinct from the world. First Peter 2:9 describes believers as "a holy nation." It is a fact! We are separated from the world; we need to live out that reality in our day-to-day lives, which Peter tells us how to do in 1 Peter 1:13-16.
Finally, how can we become holy? Holiness only results from a right relationship with GOD by believing in JESUS CHRISTt as SAVIOR (accepting His Gift of eternal life). If we have not placed our faith in GOD's SON alone to save us from our sins, then our pursuit of holiness is in vain. So, we must first make sure we are born-again believers (see John 3). If we truly are believers, then we recognize that our position in CHRIST automatically sets us apart from the world (1 Peter 2:9).
After all, we have a relationship with THE LIVING GOD! Then we must daily live a set-apart life, not trying to "blend in" with the world, but instead living according to God's WORD as we study the Bible and grow in it.