1 Samuel 5:1-12 NIV
The Ark in Ashdod and Ekron
1After the Philistines had captured the Ark of GOD, they took it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. 2Then they carried the Ark into Dagon’s temple and set it beside Dagon.
3When the people of Ashdod rose early the next day, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the Ark of The Lord! They took Dagon and put him back in his place.
4But the following morning when they rose, there was Dagon, fallen on his face on the ground before the Ark of The Lord! His head and hands had been broken off and were lying on the threshold; only his body remained. 5That is why to this day neither the priests of Dagon nor any others who enter Dagon’s temple at Ashdod step on the threshold.
6The Lord’s Hand Was Heavy on the people of Ashdod and its vicinity; HE Brought devastation on them and Afflicted them with tumors.a 7When the people of Ashdod saw what was happening, they said, “The Ark of The GOD of Israel Must Not Stay here with us, because His Hand Is Heavy On us and On Dagon our god.” 8So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and asked them, “What shall we do with the Ark of The GOD of Israel?”
They answered, “Have the Ark of The GOD of Israel moved to Gath.” So they moved the Ark of The GOD of Israel.
9But after they had moved it, The Lord’s Hand Was Against that city, Throwing it into a great panic. HE Afflicted the people of the city, both young and old, with an outbreak of tumors. 10So they sent the Ark of GOD to Ekron.
As the Ark of GOD Was Entering Ekron, the people of Ekron cried out, “They have brought the Ark of The GOD of Israel around to us to kill us and our people.” 11So they called together all the rulers of the Philistines and said, “Send the Ark of The GOD of Israel away; let it go back to its own place, or itc will kill us and our people.” For death had filled the city with panic; GOD’s Hand Was Very Heavy On it. 12Those who did not die were afflicted with tumors, and the outcry of the city went up to heaven.
Stately temples were erected in honor of this idol, which was the principal deity of the Philistines, but whose worship extended over all Syria, as well as Mesopotamia and Chaldea; its name being found among the Assyrian gods on the cuneiform inscriptions.
It was represented under a monstrous combination of a human head, breast, and arms, joined to the belly and tail of a fish. The captured ark was placed in the temple of dagon, right before this image of the idol.
Dagon Falls Down
They of Ashdod arose early -They were filled with consternation when they found the object of their stupid veneration prostrate before the Ark, symbol of the Divine Presence. Though set up, it fell again, and lay in a state of complete mutilation; its head and arms, severed from the trunk, were lying in distant and separate places, as if violently cast off, and only the fishy part remained. The degradation of their idol, though concealed by the priests on the former occasion, was now more manifest and infamous.
This picture of humiliation significantly declared the Superiority of JEHOVAH, The GOD of Israel.