Isaiah 5:1-30 NIV
The Song of the Vineyard
1I Will Sing for The One I love
a song about His Vineyard:
My Loved One Had a vineyard
on a fertile hillside.
2HE Dug It Up and Cleared it of stones
and Planted it with the choicest vines.
HE Built a watchtower in it
and cut out a winepress as well.
Then HE Looked For a crop of good grapes,
but it yielded only bad fruit.
3“Now you dwellers in Jerusalem and people of Judah,
judge between ME and My Vineyard.
4What more could have been done for My Vineyard
Than I Have Done for it?
When I Looked For good grapes,
why did it yield only bad?
5Now I Will Tell you
what I Am Going To Do to My Vineyard:
I Will Take Away its hedge,
and it will be destroyed;
I Will Break Down its wall,
and it will be trampled.
6I Will Make it a wasteland,
neither pruned nor cultivated,
and briers and thorns will grow there.
I Will Command the clouds
not to rain on it.”
7The Vineyard of The Lord ALMIGHTY
is the nation of Israel,
and the people of Judah
are the vines He delighted in.
And HE Looked For justice, but Saw bloodshed;
for righteousness, but heard cries of distress.
Woes and Judgments
8Woe to you who add house to house
and join field to field
till no space is left
and you live alone in the land.
9The Lord ALMIGHTY Has Declared in my hearing:
“Surely the great houses will become desolate,
the fine mansions left without occupants.
11Woe to those who rise early in the morning
to run after their drinks,
who stay up late at night
till they are inflamed with wine.
12They have harps and lyres at their banquets,
pipes and timbrels and wine,
but they have no regard for The Deeds of The Lord,
no respect for The Work of His Hands.
13Therefore My people will go into exile
for lack of understanding;
those of high rank will die of hunger
and the common people will be parched with thirst.
14Therefore Death expands its jaws,
opening wide its mouth;
into it will descend their nobles and masses
with all their brawlers and revelers.
15So people will be brought low
and everyone humbled,
the eyes of the arrogant humbled.
16But The Lord ALMIGHTY Will Be Exalted by His Justice,
and the Holy GOD Will Be Proved Holy by His Righteous Acts.
17Then sheep will graze as in their own pasture;
lambs will feedd among the ruins of the rich.
18Woe to those who draw sin along with cords of deceit,
and wickedness as with cart ropes,
19to those who say, “Let GOD Hurry;
Let Him Hasten His Work
so we may see it.
The plan of The Holy ONE of Israel—
Let it Approach, Let it Come into view,
so we may know it.”
20Woe to those who call evil good
and good evil,
who put darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter.
21Woe to those who are wise in their own eyes
and clever in their own sight.
22Woe to those who are heroes at drinking wine
and champions at mixing drinks,
23who acquit the guilty for a bribe,
but deny justice to the innocent.
24Therefore, as tongues of fire lick up straw
and as dry grass sinks down in the flames,
so their roots will decay
and their flowers blow away like dust;
for they have rejected The Law of The Lord ALMIGHTY
and spurned The WORD of the Holy ONE of Israel.
25Therefore The Lord’s Anger Burns Against His people;
His Hand Is Raised and HE Strikes them Down.
The mountains shake,
and the dead bodies are like refuse in the streets.
Yet for all this, His Anger Is Not Turned Away,
His Hand Is Still Upraised.
26HE Lifts Up a banner for the distant nations,
HE Whistles For those at the ends of the earth.
Here they come,
swiftly and speedily!
27Not one of them grows tired or stumbles,
not one slumbers or sleeps;
not a belt is loosened at the waist,
not a sandal strap is broken.
28Their arrows are sharp,
all their bows are strung;
their horses’ hooves seem like flint,
their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.
29Their roar is like that of the lion,
they roar like young lions;
they growl as they seize their prey
and carry it off with no one to rescue.
30In that day they will roar over it
like the roaring of the sea.
And if one looks at the land,
there is only darkness and distress;
even the sun will be darkened by clouds.
This chapter Isaiah 5 commences a new subject, and is in itself an entire prophecy, having no connection with the preceding or the following chapter. "When" it was delivered is unknown; but from the strong resemblance between the circumstances referred to here, and those referred to in Isaiah 2, it is probable it was at about the same period.
The fact, also, that it is closely connected with that in the place which has been assigned it in the collection of the prophecies of Isaiah, is a circumstance which strongly corroborates that view. The general design of the chapter is to denounce the prevalent vices of the nation, and to proclaim that they will be followed with heavy judgments. The chapter may be conveniently regarded as divided into three parts.
I. A beautiful parable illustrative of the care which GOD Had Shown for His people, Isaiah 5:1-7. He states what HE Had Done For them; Calls On them to judge themselves whether HE Had Not Done For them all that HE Could Have Done; and, since His Vineyard had brought forth no good fruit, HE Threatens To Break Down its hedges, and To Destroy it.
II. The various vices and crimes which prevailed in the nation are denounced, and punishment threatened, Isaiah 5:8-23.
1. The sin of covetousness, Isaiah 5:8-10.
2. The sins of intemperance, revelry, and dissipation, Isaiah 5:11-17.
3. The sin of despising and contemning GOD, and of practicing iniquity As If HE Did Not See it, or Could Not Punish it, Isaiah 5:18-19.
4. The sin of those who pervert things, and call evil good and good evil, Isaiah 5:20.
5. The sin of vain self-confidence, pride, and inordinate self-esteem, Isaiah 5:21.
6. The sin of intemperance is again reproved, and the sin of receiving bribes; probably because these were in fact connected, Isaiah 5:22-23.
III. Punishment is denounced on the nation for indulgence in these sins, Isaiah 5:24-30. The punishment would be, that HE Would, Call distant nations to invade their land, and it should be laid waste.
The subject of this prophecy does not differ materially from Isaiah 1, but it is greatly superior to it in force, in severity, in variety, in elegance.