Wednesday, November 19, 2014


Isaiah 9:1-22 NIV

1Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past HE Humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future HE Will Honor Galilee of the nations, by the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan—

2The people walking in darkness
have seen a Great Light;

on those living in the land of deep darkness
a Light Has Dawned.

3YOU Have Enlarged the nation
and Increased their joy;
they rejoice Before YOU
as people rejoice at the harvest,
as warriors rejoice
when dividing the plunder.

4For as in the day of Midian’s defeat,
YOU Have Shattered
the yoke that burdens them,
the bar across their shoulders,
the rod of their oppressor.
5Every warrior’s boot used in battle
and every garment rolled in blood
will be destined for burning,
will be fuel for the fire.

6 For to us a Child Is Born,
to us a SON Is Given,

and The Government Will Be On HIS Shoulders.
And HE Will Be Called

Wonderful COUNSELOR,

Mighty GOD,

Everlasting FATHER,

PRINCE of Peace.

7 Of the Greatness of HISGovernment and Peace
there will be no end.
HE Will Reign on David’s Throne
and over his kingdom,
Establishing and Upholding it
with Justice and Righteousness
from that time on and forever.
Will Accomplish this.

The LORD'S Anger Against Israel

8The LORD Has Sent a message against Jacob;
it will fall on Israel.
9All the people will know it—
Ephraim and the inhabitants of Samaria—
who say with pride
and arrogance of heart,
10“The bricks have fallen down,
but we will rebuild with dressed stone;
the fig trees have been felled,
but we will replace them with cedars.”
11But The LORD Has Strengthened Rezin’s foes against them
and Has Spurred their enemies on.
12Arameans from the east and Philistines from the west
have devoured Israel with open mouth.
Yet for all this, HIS Anger Is Not Turned Away,
HIS Hand Is still Upraised.

13But the people have not returned to HIM WHO Struck them,
nor have they sought The LORD ALMIGHTY.
14So The LORD Will Cut Off from Israel both head and tail,
both palm branch and reed in a single day;
15the elders and dignitaries are the head,
the prophets who teach lies are the tail.
16Those who guide this people mislead them,
and those who are guided are led astray.
17Therefore The Lord Will Take no pleasure in the young men,
nor Will HE Pity the fatherless and widows,
for everyone is ungodly and wicked,
every mouth speaks folly.
Yet for all this, HIS Anger Is Not Turned Away,
HIS Hand Is still Upraised.
18Surely wickedness burns like a fire;
it consumes briers and thorns,
it sets the forest thickets ablaze,
so that it rolls upward in a column of smoke.
19By the Wrath of The LORD ALMIGHTY
the land will be scorched
and the people will be fuel for the fire;
they will not spare one another.
20On the right they will devour,
but still be hungry;
on the left they will eat,
but not be satisfied.
Each will feed on the flesh of their own offspringa :
21Manasseh will feed on Ephraim, and Ephraim on Manasseh;
together they will turn against Judah.
Yet for all this, HIS Anger Is Not Turned Away,
HIS Hand Is still Upraised.

(Compiled from from commentaries)

This chapter Isaiah 9 is a continuation of the prophecy begun in Isaiah 7, and continued in Isaiah 8.

 It is composed of mingled threats and promises. Its characteristic may be said to be "rays of light thrown into the midst of shades." It promises comfort and deliverance, while at the same time it denounces the sins of the nation, and assures the nation that the Anger of The LORD Is Not Turned Away. The previous chapter had closed by describing a time of general calamity and darkness. This begins Isaiah 9:1-4 by showing that the calamity would not be so great as in former times. It would be mitigated.

There would be light - particularly in the dark regions of Zebulun and Naphtali - the provinces lying most exposed to the Syrian invasion. This light or deliverance was connected with the birth of the Promised Child Isaiah 9:6-7; and the mention of this leads the prophet into a magnificent description of His Names, Character, and Reign.

The prophet then returns to the threatened destruction of Israel and denounces the Divine Judgment against it. By the Syrians and the Philistines it would be invaded and destroyed, Isaiah 9:8-12. The effects of this, in cutting off their sources of strength, and producing general dismay and ruin, are described in the remainder of the chapter, Isaiah 9:13-21. The chapter, therefore, would impart consolation to the inhabitants of Judah, and is designed to confirm the promise that it should be safe from the threatened invasion; compare Isaiah 8:1-4.

For to us a Child Is Born,

to us a SON Is Given,

and the Government will be on HIS Shoulders. And HE Will Be Called

Wonderful Counselor,

Mighty GOD,

Everlasting FATHER,

Prince of Peace.

A Child Is Born. HE Is Called the SON of GOD. Although in the Hebrew language the word son has a wide acceptation, yet that is when something is added to it. Every man is the son of his father: those who are a hundred years old are called (Isaiah 65:20) the sons of a hundred years; wicked men are called the sons of wickedness; those who are blessed are called the sons of blessing; and Isaiah called a fruitful hill the son of fatness. (Isaiah 5:1.) But son, without any addition, can mean none else than The SON of GOD; and it is now ascribed to CHRIST, by way of eminence, (in order to inform us, that by this striking mark HE Is Distinguished from the rest of mankind.

I Will Be HIS FATHER, and HE Shall Be MY SON, (2 Samuel 7:14,)

as it is afterwards repeated,

YOU Are MY SON; this day Have I Begotten YOU. (Psalm 2:7.)

And the government has been laid upon HIS Shoulder. CHRIST Carried the cross on HIS Shoulders, (John 19:17,) and by the cross HE Gained a splendid triumph over the prince of this world. (John 14:30.) But as the government is here said to have been laid on HIS Shoulders in the same sense in which we shall see that the key of the house of David was laid on the shoulders of Eliakim, (Isaiah 22:22).  He therefore shows that The MESSIAH Will Be Different from kings, who leave off business and cares, and live at their ease; for HE Will Be Able To Bear our burden, thus he asserts the Superiority and Grandeur of His Government, because by HIS Own Power CHRIST Will obtain homage to HIMSELF.

HE Shall Call HIS Name Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty GOD, The Everlasting FATHER, the Prince of Peace. But it is very evident that this proceeds from a desire to obscure the Glory of CHRIST; for if they had not labored with excessive keenness to rob Him of His Godhead, the passage would run on very smoothly.   

Wonderful. The Prophet describes what CHRIST Will Show HIMSELF to be towards believers. He does not speak of CHRIST'S mysterious Essence, but applauds HIS Excellences, which we perceive and experience by faith. This must be the more carefully considered, because the greater part of men are satisfied with His Name, and do not observe His Power and Energy, though that ought to be chiefly regarded.

Counselor. The reason of this second title is that the REDEEMER Will Come Endowed with absolute Wisdom. Now, let us remember that the Prophet does not here reason about the hidden essence of CHRIST, but about the Power which HE Displays towards us. It is not, therefore, because he knows all HIS FATHER'S secrets that the Prophet calls Him Counselor, but rather because, proceeding from the Bosom of The FATHER, (John 1:18,) HE Is in every respect the Highest and most Perfect Teacher.

In like manner we are not permitted to get wisdom but from HIS Gospel, and this contributes also to the praise of the Gospel, for it contains the perfect Wisdom of GOD, as Paul frequently shows. (1 Corinthians 1:24, 30; Ephesians 1:17Colossians 1:9.) All that is necessary for salvation is opened up by CHRIST in such a manner, and explained with such familiarity, that HE Addresses the disciples no longer as servants but as friends. (John 15:14, 15.)

The Mighty GOD. El Is one of the Names of GOD, though derived from Strength, so that it is sometimes added as an attribute. But here it is evidently a proper name, because Isaiah is not satisfied with it, and in addition to it employs the adjective gibbor, which means strong. And indeed If CHRIST Had Not Been GOD, it would have been unlawful to glory in HIM; for it is written,
Cursed be he who trusts in man. (Jeremiah 17:5.)

HE Is, therefore, Called The Mighty GOD, for the same reason that HE Was formerly Called IMMANUEL. (Isaiah 7:14.) For if we find in CHRIST nothing but the flesh and nature of man, our glorying will be foolish and vain, and our hope will rest on an uncertain and insecure foundation; but If HE Shows HIMSELF to us to be GOD and The Mighty GOD, we may now rely on HIM with safety. With good reason does hecall HIM Strong or Mighty, because our contest is with the devil, death, and sin, (Ephesians 6:12,) enemies too powerful and strong, by whom we would be immediately vanquished, if the Strength of CHRIST Had Not Rendered us invincible.

The FATHER of the age. The Greek translator has added mellontos future; and the translation is correct, for it denotes eternity, unless it be thought better to view it as denoting "perpetual duration," or "an endless succession of ages," lest anyone should improperly limit it to the heavenly life, which is still hidden from us. (Colossians 3:3.) True, the Prophet includes it, and even declares that CHRIST Will Come, in order to Bestow immortality on HIS people; but as believers, even in this world, pass from death to life, (John 5:241 John 3:14).

The name FATHER Is put for Author, because CHRIST Preserves the existence of HIS Church through all ages, and Bestows immortality on the body and on the individual members. Because we know how transitory our condition is, apart from Him; for, granting that we were to live for a very long period after the ordinary manner of men, what after all will be the value of our long life? We ought, therefore, to elevate our minds to that blessed and everlasting life, which as yet we do not see, but which we possess by hope and faith. (Romans 8:25.)

The Prince of Peace. This is the last title, and the Prophet declares by it that the Coming of CHRIST will be the cause of full and perfect happiness, or, at least, of calm and blessed safety. In the Hebrew language peace often signifies prosperity, for of all blessings not one is better or more desirable than peace. The general meaning is that all who submit to the Dominion of CHRIST will lead a quiet and blessed life in obedience to HIM. Hence it follows that life, without this KING, is restless and miserable.

But we must also take into consideration the nature of this peace. It is the same with that of the Kingdom, for it resides chiefly in the consciences; otherwise we must be engaged in incessant conflicts and liable to daily attacks. Not only, therefore, Does HE Promise outward peace, but that peace by which we return to a state of favor with GOD, who were formerly at enmity with Him. Justified by faith, says Paul, we have peace with GOD. (Romans 5:1.) Now, when CHRIST Shall Have Brought calmness to our minds, and  the same spiritual peace will hold the highest place in our hearts, (Philippians 4:7Colossians 3:15,) so that we will patiently endure every kind of adversity, and from the same fountain will likewise flow outward prosperity, which is nothing else than the effect of the Blessing of GOD.

Now, to apply this for our own instruction, whenever any distrust arises, and all means of escape are taken away from us, whenever it appears to us that everything is in a ruinous condition, let us recall to our remembrance that CHRIST Is Called Wonderful, because HE Has inconceivable methods of assisting us, and because HIS Power Is far beyond what we are able to conceive.

When we need counsel, let us remember that HE Is the Counselor. When we need strength, let us remember that HE Is Mighty and Strong. When new terrors spring up suddenly every instant, and when many deaths threaten us from various quarters, let us rely on that eternity of which HE Is with good reason called The FATHER, and by the same comfort let us learn to soothe all temporal distresses. When we are inwardly tossed by various tempests, and when Satan attempts to disturb our consciences, let us remember that Christ Is The Prince of Peace, and that it is easy for HIM quickly To Quiet all our uneasy feelings. Thus will these titles confirm us more and more in the faith of CHRIST, and fortify us against Satan and against hell itself.

To the increase of the government there will be no end. He begins to explain and confirm what he had formerly said, that CHRIST Is The Prince of Peace, by saying that HIS Government Is Extended to every age, and is perpetual; that there will be no end to the government or to peace. This was also repeated by Daniel, who predicts that HIS KINGDOM Is an Everlasting KINGDOM. (Daniel 7:27.) Gabriel also alluded to it when he carried the message to the virgin; and he gave the true exposition of this passage, for it cannot be understood to refer to any other than to CHRIST.

He says;

“HE Shall Reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of HIS KINGDOM there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:33.)

Upon the throne of David. A promise having been made to David that The REDEEMER Would Spring from his seed, (2 Samuel 7:12,13,) and his kingdom having been nothing else than an image or faint shadow of that more perfect and truly blessed state which GOD Had Determined To Establish by the Hand of HIS SON; the Prophets, in order to remind the people of that remarkable miracle, usually call CHRIST the Son of David. (Jeremiah 23:5Jeremiah 33:15.)

Sometimes the Prophets foretell that David, who was already dead, would be king. In like manner Isaiah, in this passage, intimates that he brings forward nothing that is new, but only reminds them of that which God had formerly promised about the perpetuity of the Kingdom. Indirectly also he insinuates what Amoz more plainly states that;

CHRIST Will again Raise Up the throne which for some time had been fallen. (Amos 9:11.)

As CHRIST's KINGDOM Is Everlasting, because HE Dies No More, (Romans 6:9,) so it follows that righteousness and judgment will be everlasting, for they cannot be changed by any length of time.

The Zeal of The LORD of hosts Will Perform this. By zeal we understand that ardent desire which GOD Will Display in preserving HIS Church, by Removing all difficulties and obstructions which might otherwise have hindered its redemption. When we engage in any difficult undertaking, our earnestness, and the warmth of our feelings overcome the difficulties which present themselves to baffle or retard our attempts.

In short, Isaiah intimates that GOD Will Come with no slow Arm to Redeem HIS Church, for HE Will Be all on flame with amazing love of believers, and anxiety about their salvation.

Amen. Come, LORD JESUS!

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