1 Samuel 1:1-28 NIV
The Birth of Samuel
1There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphitea from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. 2He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.
3Year after year this man went up from his town to worship and sacrifice To The LORD ALMIGHTY at Shiloh, where Hophni and Phinehas, the two sons of Eli, were priests of The LORD. 4Whenever the day came for Elkanah to sacrifice, he would give portions of the meat to his wife Peninnah and to all her sons and daughters. 5But to Hannah he gave a double portion because he loved her, and The LORD Had Closed her womb. 6Because The LORD Had Closed Hannah’s womb, her rival kept provoking her in order to irritate her.7This went on year after year. Whenever Hannah went up to the House of The LORD, her rival provoked her till she wept and would not eat.
8Her husband Elkanah would say to her, “Hannah, why are you weeping? Why don’t you eat? Why are you downhearted? Don’t I mean more to you than ten sons?”
9Once when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. Now Eli the priest was sitting on his chair by the doorpost of The LORD'S House. 10In her deep anguish Hannah prayed To The LORD, weeping bitterly. 11And she made a vow, saying,
“LORD ALMIGHTY, If YOU Will only Look on your servant’s misery and remember me, and Not Forget your servant but Give her a son, then I will give him To The LORD for all the days of his life, and no razor will ever be used on his head.”
12As she kept on praying To The LORD, Eli observed her mouth.
13Hannah was praying in her heart, and her lips were moving but her voice was not heard. Eli thought she was drunk 14and said to her, “How long are you going to stay drunk? Put away your wine.”
15“Not so, my lord,” Hannah replied, “I am a woman who is deeply troubled. I have not been drinking wine or beer; I was pouring out my soul To The LORD. 16Do not take your servant for a wicked woman; I have been praying here out of my great anguish and grief.”
“Go in peace, and May The GOD of Israel Grant you what
you have asked of HIM.”
you have asked of HIM.”
18She said, “May your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then she went her way and ate something, and her face was no longer downcast.
19Early the next morning they arose and worshiped Before The LORD and then went back to their home at Ramah. Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah, and The LORD Remembered her. 20So in the course of time Hannah became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Samuel, saying, “Because I asked The LORD for him.”
Hannah Dedicates Samuel
21When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to The LORD and to fulfill his vow, 22Hannah did not go. She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him Before The LORD, and he will live there always.”c
23“Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. “Stay here until you have weaned him; Only May The LORD Make Good Hisd WORD.” So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned him.
24After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull,e an ephahf of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the House of The LORD at Shiloh. 25When the bull had been sacrificed, they brought the boy to Eli, 26and she said to him, “Pardon me, my lord. As surely as you live, I am the woman who stood here beside you praying To The LORD. 27I prayed for this child, and The LORD Has Granted me what I asked of HIM. 28So now I give him To The LORD. For his whole life he will be given over To The LORD.” And he worshiped The LORD there.
This book, and that which follows it, bear the name of Samuel in the title, not because he was the penman of them (except of so much of them as fell within his own time, to the twenty-fifth chapter of the first book, in which we have an account of his death), but because the first book begins with a large account of him, his birth and childhood, his life and government; and the rest of these two volumes contains the history of the reigns of Saul and David, who were both anointed by him.
And, because the history of these two kings takes up the greatest part of these books, the Vulgar Latin calls them the First and Second Books of the Kings, and the two that follow(1, 2 Kings) the Third and Fourth. These two books contain the history of the last two of the judges, Eli and Samuel, who were not, as the rest, men of war, but priests (and so much of them is an appendix to the book of Judges), and of the first two of the kings, Saul and David, and so much of them is an entrance upon the history of the kings.
They contain a considerable part of the sacred history, are sometimes referred to in the New Testament, and often in the titles of David’s Psalms, which, if placed in their order, would fall in these books.
It is uncertain who was the penman of them; it is probable that Samuel wrote the history of his own time, and that, after him, some of the prophets that were with David (Nathan as likely as any) continued it. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government.
Chapter 1-8. Of Samuel’s resignation of the government and Saul’s advancement and mal-administration,
Chapter 9–15. The choice of David, his struggles with Saul, Saul’s ruin at last, and the opening of the way for David to the throne,
Chapter 16–31. And these things are written for our learning.
Some great men were brought into the world with more observation than others, and were more early distinguished from common persons, as Samuel For GOD. The story of Samson introduces him as a child of promise, Judges 13. But the story of Samuel introduces him as a child of prayer. Samson’s birth was foretold by an angel to his mother; Samuel was asked of GOD by his mother. Both together intimate what wonders are produced by the word and prayer.
Samuel’s mother was Hannah, the principal person concerned in the story of this chapter.
I. Here is her affliction - she was childless, and this affliction aggravated by her rival’s insolence, but in some measure balanced by her husband’s kindness (v. 1-8).
II. The prayer and vow she made To GOD under this affliction, in which Eli the high priest at first censured her, but afterwards encouraged her (v. 9–18).
III. The birth and nursing of Samuel (v. 19–23)
IV. The presenting of him To JEHOVAH (v. 24–28).