Wednesday, February 3, 2016


Leviticus 23:1-44 NIV

The Appointed Festivals

1The LORD Said To Moses, 

2“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘These are MY 

Appointed Festivals, the Appointed Festivals of 

The LORD, which you are to proclaim as sacred 


The Sabbath

3“ ‘There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a Day of Sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a Sabbath To The LORD.

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread

4“ ‘These are The LORD’S Appointed Festivals, the sacred assemblies you are to proclaim at their appointed times: 5The LORD'S Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month. 6On the fifteenth day of that month The LORD'S Festival of Unleavened Bread begins; for seven days you must eat bread made without yeast. 7On the first day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work. 8For seven days present a Food Offering To The LORD. And on the seventh day hold a sacred assembly and do no regular work.’ ”

Offering the Firstfruits

9The LORD Said To Moses, 

10“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: 

‘When you enter the land I AM Going To Give you and you reap its harvest, bring to the priest a sheaf of the first grain you harvest. 

 11He is to wave the sheaf Before The LORD so it will be accepted on your behalf; the priest is to wave it 
on the day after the Sabbath.  

12On the day you wave the sheaf, you must sacrifice as a burnt offering To The LORD a lamb a year old without defect, 13together with its grain offering of two-tenths of an ephaha of the finest flour mixed with olive oil—a food offering presented To The LORD, a pleasing aroma—and its drink offering of a quarter of a hinbof wine. 14You must not eat any bread, or roasted or new grain, until the very day you bring this offering to your GOD. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

The Festival of Weeks

15“ ‘From the day after the Sabbath, the day you 

brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off 

seven full weeks. 

16Count off fifty days up to the day after the seventh 

Sabbath, and then present an offering of new grain To 

The LORD. 

17From wherever you live, bring two loaves made of two-tenths of an ephah of the finest flour, baked with yeast, as a wave offering of firstfruits To The LORD. 18Present with this bread seven male lambs, each a year old and without defect, one young bull and two rams. They will be a burnt offering To The LORD, together with their grain offerings and drink offerings—a food offering, an aroma pleasing To The LORD.19Then sacrifice one male goat for a sin offeringc and two lambs, each a year old, for a fellowship offering.20The priest is to wave the two lambs Before The LORD as a wave offering, together with the bread of the firstfruits. They are a sacred offering To The LORD for the priest. 21On that same day you are to proclaim a sacred assembly and do no regular work. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live.

22“ ‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Leave them for the poor and for the foreigner residing among you. 

I AM The LORD your GOD.’ ”

The Festival of Trumpets

23The LORD Said To Moses, 

24“Say to the Israelites: ‘On the first day of the seventh month you are to have a day of Sabbath rest, a sacred assembly commemorated with trumpet blasts. 25Do no regular work, but present a food offering To The LORD.’ ”

The Day of Atonement

26The LORD Said To Moses, 

27“The tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. Hold a sacred assembly and deny yourselves,d and present a food offering To The LORD. 28Do not do any work on that day, because it is the Day of Atonement, when atonement is made for you Before The LORD your GOD.29Those who do not deny themselves on that day must be cut off from their people. 30I WILL Destroy from among their people anyone who does any work on that day. 31You shall do no work at all. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come, wherever you live. 32It is a day of sabbath rest for you, and you must deny yourselves. From the evening of the ninth day of the month until the following evening you are to observe your sabbath.”

The Festival of Tabernacles

33The LORD Said To Moses, 

34“Say to the Israelites: ‘On the fifteenth day of the seventh month The LORD'S Festival of Tabernacles begins, and it lasts for seven days. 35The first day is a sacred assembly; do no regular work. 36For seven days present food offerings To The LORD, and on the eighth day hold a sacred assembly and present a food offering To The LORD. It is the closing special assembly; do no regular work.

37(“ ‘These are The LORD'S Appointed Festivals, which you are to proclaim as sacred assemblies for bringing food offerings To The LORD—the burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings required for each day. 38These offerings are in addition to those for The LORD'S Sabbaths ande in addition to your gifts and whatever you have vowed and all the freewill offerings you give To The LORD.)

39“ ‘So beginning with the fifteenth day of the seventh month, after you have gathered the crops of the land, celebrate the festival To The LORD for seven days; the first day is a day of Sabbath rest, and the eighth day also is a day of Sabbath rest. 40On the first day you are to take branches from luxuriant trees—from palms, willows and other leafy trees—and rejoice Before The LORD your GOD for seven days. 41Celebrate this as a festival To The LORD for seven days each year. This is to be a lasting ordinance for the generations to come; celebrate it in the seventh month. 42Live in temporary shelters for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters 43so your descendants will know that I Had the Israelites live in temporary shelters When I Brought them Out of Egypt. 

I AM The LORD your GOD.’ ”

44So Moses announced to the Israelites the Appointed Festivals of The LORD.

How Did JESUS Fulfill the Meanings of the Seven Feasts of the Bible?

The way in which JESUS Fulfilled the seven feasts is a fascinating study. In the Hebrew Scriptures, the Prophet Amos records that GOD Declared HE Would Do nothing without first revealing it to HIS servants, the prophets (Amos 3:7). From the Old Covenant to the New, Genesis to Revelation, GOD Provides picture after picture of HIS entire plan for mankind and one of the most startling prophetic pictures is outlined for us in the seven feasts of Leviticus 23.

The Hebrew word for “feasts” (moadim) literally means "appointed times." GOD Has Carefully Planned and Orchestrated the timing and sequence of each of these seven feasts to reveal to us a special story. The seven annual feasts of Israel were spread over seven months of the Jewish calendar, at set times Appointed By GOD. They are still celebrated by observant Jews today. But for both Jews and non-Jews who have placed their faith In JESUS, The Jewish MESSIAH, these special days demonstrate the Work of Redemption Through GOD’S SON.

The first four of the seven feasts occur during the springtime (Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Weeks), and they all have already been fulfilled By CHRIST in the New Testament. The final three holidays (Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and Tabernacles) occur during the fall, all within a short fifteen-day period.

Many Bible scholars and commentators believe that these fall feasts have not yet been fulfilled By JESUS. However, the “blessed hope” (
Titus 2:13) for all believers In JESUS CHRIST is that they most assuredly will be fulfilled. As the four spring feasts were fulfilled literally and right on the actual feast day in connection With CHRIST'S First Coming, these three fall feasts, it is believed by many, will likewise be fulfilled literally in connection To The LORD'S Second Coming.

In short, here is the prophetic significance of each of the seven Levitical feasts of Israel:

1. Passover (
Leviticus 23:5) – Pointed to The MESSIAH as our Passover Lamb (1 Corinthians 5:7) Whose Blood Would BShed for our sins. JESUS Was Crucified on the day of preparation for the Passover at the same hour that the lambs were being slaughtered for the Passover meal that evening.

2. Unleavened Bread (Leviticus 23:6) – Pointed to the MESSIAH's Sinless Life (as leaven is a picture of sin in the Bible), making Him the perfect sacrifice for our sins. JESUS' Body Was in the grave during the first days of this feast, like a kernel of wheat planted and waiting to burst forth as the Bread of life.

3. First Fruits (Leviticus 23:10) – Pointed to the MESSIAH's Resurrection as the first fruits of the righteous. JESUS Was Resurrected on this very day, which is one of the reasons that Paul refers to HIM in 1 Corinthians 15:20 as the "First Fruits from the dead."

4. Weeks or Pentecost (Leviticus 23:16) – Occurred fifty days after the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and pointed to the great harvest of souls and the Gift of the HOLY SPIRIT for both Jew and Gentile, who would be brought into the Kingdom of GOD during the Church Age (see Acts 2). The Church was actually established on this day when GOD Poured Out HIS HOLY SPIRIT and 3,000 Jews responded to Peter's great sermon and his first proclamation of the Gospel.

5. Trumpets (Leviticus 23:24) – The first of the fall feasts. Many believe this day points to the Rapture of the Church when the MESSIAH JESUS Will appear in the heavens As HE Comes for His bride, the Church. The Rapture is always associated in Scripture with the blowing of a loud trumpet (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 and1 Corinthians 15:52).

6. Day of Atonement (
Leviticus 23:27) – Many believe this prophetically points to the Day of the Second Coming of JESUS When HE Will Return to earth. That will be the Day of Atonement for the Jewish remnant when they "look upon Him Whom they have pierced," repent of their sins, and receive Him as their MESSIAH (Zechariah 12:10andRomans 11:1-6,25-36).

7. Tabernacles or Booths (
Leviticus 23:34) – Many scholars believe that this feast day points to the LORD'S Promise that HE Will once again “Tabernacle” With His people When HE Returns to reign over all the world (Micah 4:1-7).

Should Christians celebrate these Levitical feast days of Israel today? Whether or not a Christian celebrates the Jewish feast days would be a matter of conscience for the individual Christian. 
Colossians 2:16-17 tells us,

Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day. These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found In CHRIST.

Christians are not bound to observe the Jewish feasts the way an Old Testament Jew was, but we should not criticize another believer who does or does not observe these special days and feasts (Romans 14:5).

While it is not required for Christians to celebrate the Jewish feast days, it is beneficial to study them. Certainly, it could be beneficial to celebrate these days if it leads one to a greater understanding and appreciation For CHRIST’S Death and Resurrection and the future Promise of HIS Coming.

As Christians, if we choose to celebrate these special days, we should put CHRIST in the center of the celebration, As The ONE WHO Came TFulfill the prophetic significance of each of them.

No comments:

Post a Comment