Isaiah 10:1-34 NIV
1Woe to those who make unjust laws,
to those who issue oppressive decrees,
2to deprive the poor of their rights
and withhold justice from the oppressed of MY people,
making widows their prey
and robbing the fatherless.
3What will you do on the day of reckoning,
when disaster comes from afar?
To whom will you run for help?
Where will you leave your riches?
4Nothing will remain but to cringe among the captives
or fall among the slain.
Yet for all this, HIS Anger Is Not Turned Away,
HIS Hand Is still Upraised.
GOD'S Judgment on Assyria
5“Woe to the Assyrian, the rod of MY Anger,
in whose hand is the club of MY Wrath!
6I send him against a godless nation,
I dispatch him against a people who anger ME,
to seize loot and snatch plunder,
and to trample them down like mud in the streets.
7But this is not what he Intends,
this is not what he has in mind;
His purpose is to destroy,
to put an end to many nations.
8‘Are not my commanders all kings?’ he says.
9‘Has not Kalno fared like Carchemish?
Is not Hamath like Arpad,
and Samaria like Damascus?
10As MY Hand Seized the kingdoms of the idols,
kingdoms whose images excelled those of Jerusalem and Samaria—
11Shall I Not Deal With Jerusalem and her images
as I dealt with Samaria and her idols?’ ”
12 When The LORD Has Finished all HIS Work against Mount Zion and Jerusalem,
HE Will Say,
“I Will Punish the king of Assyria for the willful pride
13For he says:
“ ‘By the strength of my hand I have done this,
and by my wisdom, because I have understanding.
I removed the boundaries of nations,
I plundered their treasures;
like a mighty one I subdueda their kings.
14As one reaches into a nest,
so my hand reached for the wealth of the nations;
as people gather abandoned eggs,
so I gathered all the countries;
not one flapped a wing,
or opened its mouth to chirp.’ ”
15Does the ax raise itself above the person who swings it,
or the saw boast against the one who uses it?
As if a rod were to wield the person who lifts it up,
or a club brandish the one who is not wood!
16Therefore, The LORD, The LORD ALMIGHTY,
Will Send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors;
under his pomp a fire will be kindled
like a blazing flame.
17The Light of Israel Will Become a fire,
their HOLY ONE a flame;
in a single day it will burn and consume
his thorns and his briers.
18The splendor of his forests and fertile fields
it will completely destroy,
as when a sick person wastes away.
19And the remaining trees of his forests will be so few
that a child could write them down.
The Remnant of Israel
20In that day the remnant of Israel,
the survivors of Jacob,
will no longer rely on him
who struck them down
but will truly rely on The LORD,
The HOLY ONE of Israel.
21A remnant will return, a remnant of Jacob
22Though your people be like the sand by the sea, Israel,
Destruction has been decreed,
overwhelming and righteous.
23The LORD, The LORD ALMIGHTY, Will Carry Out
the destruction decreed upon the whole land.
24Therefore this is what The LORD, The LORD ALMIGHTY, Says:
“MY people who live in Zion,
do not be afraid of the Assyrians,
who beat you with a rod
and lift up a club against you, as Egypt did.
25Very soon MY Anger against you Will End
and MY Wrath Will Be Directed to their destruction.”
26The LORD ALMIGHTY Will Lash them with a whip,
as When HE Struck Down Midian at the rock of Oreb;
and HE Will Raise HIS Staff over the waters,
as HE Did in Egypt.
27In that day their burden will be lifted from your shoulders,
their yoke from your neck;
the yoke will be broken
28They enter Aiath;
they pass through Migron;
they store supplies at Mikmash.
29They go over the pass, and say,
“We will camp overnight at Geba.”
Gibeah of Saul flees.
30Cry out, Daughter Gallim!
31Madmenah is in flight;
the people of Gebim take cover.
32This day they will halt at Nob;
they will shake their fist
at the mount of Daughter Zion,
at the hill of Jerusalem.
33See, The LORD, The LORD ALMIGHTY,
Will Lop Off the boughs with Great Power.
The lofty trees will be felled,
the tall ones will be brought low.
34HE Will Cut Down the forest thickets with an ax;
Lebanon will fall before The MIGHTY ONE.
(Quoted from the Bible commentaries)
This chapter contains denunciations of punishment, first on the governors of the Jewish nation, and then upon the Assyrians; a woe is denounced on the makers and imposers of bad laws, whereby the poor and the needy, the widows and the fatherless, were deprived of their right, Isaiah 10:1 which woe or punishment is explained to be a desolation of their country by the Assyrians, that should come afar off, and which they could not escape; under whom they should bow and fall; and yet there should not be an end of their punishment, Isaiah 10:3 next follows a prophecy of the destruction of the Assyrians themselves, for the comfort of GOD'S people; in which is observed, that the Assyrian monarch was an instrument in The Hand of JEHOVAH To Chastise HIS people, and therefore is called the rod and staff of HIS Wrath and Indignation, Isaiah 10:5
The people are described against whom he was sent, and the end for which is mentioned, Isaiah 10:6 though this was not HIS Intention, nor Did HE Design to stop here, but to Destroy and Cut Off many other nations, Isaiah 10:7 which HE Hoped To Do from the magnificence of HIS princes, who were as kings, and from the conquests he had made of kingdoms, and their chief cities, Isaiah 10:8 wherefore, when The LORD Had Done what HE Designed To Do by him among is people the Jews.
HE Was Determined To Punish him, because of the pride of his heart, and the haughtiness of his looks, and his boasting of his strength and wisdom, and of his robberies and plunders, without opposition; which boasting was as foolish as if an axe, a saw, a rod, and a staff, should boast, magnify, move, and lift up themselves against the person that made use of them, Isaiah 10:12 which punishment is said to come from The Lord, and is expressed by a consuming and devouring fire; for which reason his army is compared to thorns and briers, to a forest, and a fruitful field, which should be destroyed at once; so that what of the trees remained should be so few as to be numbered by a child, Isaiah 10:16
And, for the further consolation of the people of GOD, it is observed, that in the times following the destruction of the Assyrian monarchy, a remnant of the people of Israel should be converted, and no more lean upon an arm of flesh, but upon The LORD CHRIST, The Holy ONE of Israel; even a remnant only; for though that people were very numerous, yet a remnant, according to the election of grace, should be saved, when it was the determinate Counsel of GOD, and according to HIS Righteous Judgment, to destroy the far greater part of them, for their perverseness and obstinacy, Isaiah 10:20 wherefore the people of GOD are exhorted not to be afraid of the Assyrian, though chastised by him; since in a little time the Anger of The LORD Would Cease in his destruction, which should be after the manner of the Egyptians at the Red sea, and as the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb;