Tuesday, November 14, 2017

CHRIST Is Our Guilt Offering For Our Wrongdoing Against JEHOVAH

Leviticus 5:1-19 NIV

1“ ‘If anyone sins because they do not speak up when they hear a public charge to testify regarding something they have seen or learned about, they will be held responsible.

2“ ‘If anyone becomes aware that they are guilty—if they unwittingly touch anything ceremonially unclean (whether the carcass of an unclean animal, wild or domestic, or of any unclean creature that moves along the ground) and they are unaware that they have become unclean, but then they come to realize their guilt; 3or if they touch human uncleanness (anything that would make them unclean) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt; 4or if anyone thoughtlessly takes an oath to do anything, whether good or evil (in any matter one might carelessly swear about) even though they are unaware of it, but then they learn of it and realize their guilt— 5when anyone becomes aware that they are guilty in any of these matters, they must confess in what way they have sinned. 6As a penalty for the sin they have committed, they must bring To The LORD female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering ; and the priest shall make atonement for them for their sin.

7“ ‘Anyone who cannot afford a lamb is to bring two doves or two young pigeons To The LORD as a penalty for their sin—one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. 8They are to bring them to the priest, who shall first offer the one for the sin offering. He is to wring its head from its neck, not dividing it completely,9and is to splash some of the blood of the sin offering against the side of the altar; the rest of the blood must be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering. 10The priest shall then offer the other as a burnt offering in the prescribed way and make atonement for them for the sin they have committed, and they will be forgiven.

11“ ‘If, however, they cannot afford two doves or two young pigeons, they are to bring as an offering for their sin a tenth of an ephah of the finest flour for a sin offering. They must not put olive oil or incense on it, because it is a sin offering. 12They are to bring it to the priest, who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented To The LORDIt is a sin offering. 

13In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. The rest of the offering will belong to the priest, as in the case of the grain offering.’ ”

The Guilt Offering

14The LORD Said To Moses: 

15“When anyone is unfaithful To The LORD by sinning unintentionally in regard to any of The LORD'S Holy things, they are to bring To The LORD as a penalty a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value in silver, according to the sanctuary shekel. It is a guilt offering. 16They must make restitution for what they have failed to do in regard to the holy things, pay an additional penalty of a fifth of its value and give it all to the priest. The priest will make atonement for them with the ram as a guilt offering, and they will be forgiven.

17“If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of The LORD’S Commands, even though they do not know it, they are guilty and will be held responsible. 18 They are to bring to the priest as a guilt offering a ram from the flock, one without defect and of the proper value. In this way the priest will make atonement for them for the wrong they have committed unintentionally, and they will be forgiven.

19It is a guilt offeringthey have been guilty 

of wrongdoing against The LORD.”

Guilt Offering

A guilt offering (Hebrew: asham "guilt, trespass"; plural ashamot‎), also referred to in English as a trespass offering, is a type of Biblical sacrifice, specifically a sacrifice made as a compensation payment. It is distinct from the sin offering.

The main passage is Leviticus 7, which refers to the offering "for sin" or "for sins" (in the Greek Septuagint it is the [offering] peri tes plemmeleias περὶ τῆς πλημμελείας ).

The transgressor furnished an unblemished ram for sacrifice at the Temple in Jerusalem, as well as (in cases of sins against holy items, theft, commission of fraud or false oaths) monetary compensation to the victim for their loss, in the amount of 125% of the value of the thing misappropriated.  Monetary restitution had to be given in the pre-exile version of the currency (the shekel of the sanctuary), rather than the currency of the time, giving rise to a need for currency exchange in the Temple (hence the New Testament narrative of Jesus and the Money Changers).

Such compensation payments were given on occasion of: 

·         infringing the rights of the priests to portions of other sacrifices (referred to in the text as GOD'S holy things)

·         unknown potential infringement of the regulations - as these infringements were uncertain and possibly had not occurred at all, this was voluntary (just in case) and there was no restitution element

·         cheating a kinsman by

·         theft
·         finding lost property and lying about it
·         false oaths
·         extortion

This was also given as part of the purification process for Tzaraat:

The Hebrew noun tzaraath (Hebrew צרעת  and numerous variants of English transliteration, including tzaraastzaraattsaraas and tsaraat) describes disfigurative conditions of the skin and body hair mainly referred to in chapters 13-14 of Leviticus, as well as conditions seemingly equivalent to mildew on clothing and houses.

Tzaraath affects both animate and inanimate objects; the Hebrew Bible discusses tzaraath that afflicts humans, clothing and houses.

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