Micah 1:1-16 NIV
1The WORD of The LORD That Came to Micah of Moresheth during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah—the vision he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
2Hear, you peoples, all of you,
listen, earth and all who live in it,
that The SOVEREIGN LORD May Bear Witness Against you,
The LORD From HIS HOLY Temple.
Judgment Against Samaria and Jerusalem
3Look! The LORD Is Coming From HIS Dwelling Place;
HE Comes Down and Treads On the heights of the earth.
4The mountains melt beneath Him
and the valleys split apart,
like wax before the fire,
like water rushing down a slope.
5All this is because of Jacob’s transgression,
because of the sins of the people of Israel.
What is Jacob’s transgression?
Is it not Samaria?
What is Judah’s high place?
Is it not Jerusalem?
6“Therefore I Will Make Samaria a heap of rubble,
a place for planting vineyards.
I Will Pour her stones into the valley
and Lay bare her foundations.
7All her idols will be broken to pieces;
all her temple gifts will be burned with fire;
I Will Destroy all her images.
Since she gathered her gifts from the wages of prostitutes,
as the wages of prostitutes they will again be used.”
Weeping and Mourning
8Because of this I will weep and wail;
I will go about barefoot and naked.
I will howl like a jackal
and moan like an owl.
9For Samaria’s plague is incurable;
it has spread to Judah.
It has reached the very gate of my people,
even to Jerusalem itself.
weep not at all.
In Beth Ophrahb
roll in the dust.
11Pass by naked and in shame,
you who live in Shaphir.c
Those who live in Zaanand
will not come out.
Beth Ezel is in mourning;
it no longer protects you.
waiting for relief,
because disaster has come from The Lord,
even to the gate of Jerusalem.
13You who live in Lachish,
harness fast horses to the chariot.
You are where the sin of Daughter Zion began,
for the transgressions of Israel were found in you.
14Therefore you will give parting gifts
to Moresheth Gath.
The town of Akzibf will prove deceptive
to the kings of Israel.
15I Will Bring a conqueror against you
who live in Mareshah.g
The nobles of Israel
will flee to Adullam.
16Shave your head in mourning
for the children in whom you delight;
make yourself as bald as the vulture,
for they will go from you into exile.
No two of the prophets authenticate their prophecy in exactly the same way. They, one and all, have the same simple statement to make, that this which they say is from GOD, and through them.
A later hand, had it added the titles, would have formed all upon one model. The title was an essential part of the prophetic book, as indicating to the people afterward, that it was not written after the event. It was a witness, not to the prophet whose name it bears, but to GOD. The prophet bear witness to GOD that what he delivered came from HIM. The event bear witness to the prophet, that he said this truly, in that he knew what GOD Alone Could Know - futurity.
Micah blends in one the facts, that he related in WORDS Given him by GOD, what he had seen spread before him in prophetic vision. His prophecy was, in one, "The WORD of The LORD Which Came to him," and "a Sight Which he saw."
Micah omits all mention of his father. His great predecessor was known as Micaiah son of Imlah. Micah, a villager, would be known only by the name of his native village, “Moresheth.” So Nahum names himself "the Elkoshite;" Jonah is related to be a native "of Gath-hepher;" Elijah, the Tishbite, a sojourner in the despised Gilead 1 Kings 17:1; Elisha, of Abelmeholah; Jeremiah, of Anathoth; forerunners of him, and taught by HIS SPIRIT WHO Willed To Be Born at Bethlehem, and, since this, although too little to be counted "among the thousands of Judah," was yet a royal city and was to be the Birthplace of The CHRIST, Was Known only as JESUS of Nazareth, "the Nazarene."
Micah dates his prophetic office from kings of Judah only, as the only kings of the line appointed by GOD. Kings of Israel are mentioned in addition, only by prophets of Israel. He names Samaria first, because, its iniquity being most nearly full, its punishment was the nearest.
1:1-7 The earth is called upon, with all that are therein, to hear the prophet. GOD'S Holy Temple will not protect false professors. Neither men of high degree, as the mountains, nor men of low degree, as the valleys, can secure themselves or the land from the Judgments of GOD. If sin be found in GOD'S people HE Will Not Spare them; and their sins are most provoking to HIM, for they are most reproaching.
1:8-16 The prophet laments that Israel's case is desperate; but declare it not in Gath. Gratify not those that make merry with the sins or with the sorrows of GOD'S Israel. Roll thyself in the dust, as mourners used to do; let every house in Jerusalem become a house of Aphrah, a house of dust.
When GOD Makes the house dust it becomes us to humble ourselves to the dust under HIS Mighty Hand. Many places should share this mourning. The names have meanings which pointed out the miseries coming upon them; thereby to awaken the people to a holy fear of DIVINE Wrath.