In the following two articles on the subject of "Who is The Angel of the LORD in the Old Testament?" will help the readers better understand the teaching of "The Deity of The LORD JESUS CHRIST" unlike the JW's heretic teaching of CHRIST as created being, archangel Michael.
"I and The FATHER Are ONE"
The (or An) Angel of The LORD (Hebrew: מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה malakh YHWH "messenger of Yahweh") is an entity appearing repeatedly in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) on behalf of GOD (YAHWEH).
The term malakh YHWH, which occurs 65 times in the text of the Hebrew Bible, can be translated either as "The Angel of The LORD" or "An Angel of The LORD". The King James Version usually translates it as "The Angel of The LORD"; less frequently as "An Angel of The LORD".
The Septuagint (LXX) sometimes uses ἄγγελος Κυρίου (An Angel of The LORD), sometimes ὁ ἄγγελος Κυρίου (The Angel of The LORD): in Genesis 16:7-11, it gives first the form without the Greek article, then, in all the subsequent mentions with the article, as in the anaphoric use of the article.
The New Testament uses the term "Angel of The LORD" (ἄγγελος Κυρίου) several times, once (Luke 1:11–19) identified with Gabriel.
A closely related term is "angel of GOD" (mal'akh 'Elohim), mentioned 12 times (2 of which are plural). Another related expression, Angel of the Presence, occurs only once (Isaiah 63:9).
The appearances of the "Angel of The LORD" are in fact often presented as theophanies, appearances of YHWH himself rather than a separate entity acting on his behalf. In Genesis 31:11–13, "The Angel of GOD" Says, "I AM The GOD of Beth-el". In Exodus 3:2–6 "the angel of YAHWEH" (מלאך יהוה) Appeared to Moses in the flame of fire, and then "YAHWEH" (יהוה) Says to him: "I AM The GOD of thy father".
Compare also Genesis 22:11; Judges 6:11–22. At times The Angel of The LORD Speaks in such a way as to assume authority over previous promises (see Gen. 16:11 and 21:17). According to the New American Bible, the visual form under which GOD Appeared and Spoke to men is referred to indifferently in some Old Testament texts either as GOD'S Angel or as GOD HIMSELF.
Angel of Yahweh
Examples of use of the Hebrew term מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה are found in the following verses, here given in the King James Version translation:
- Genesis 16:7–14. The Angel of The LORD Appears to Hagar. The angel speaks as GOD in the first person, and in verse 13 Hagar identifies "The LORD that Spake unto her" as "THOU GOD Seest me".
- Genesis 22:11–15. The Angel of The LORD Appears to Abraham and Refers to GOD in the first person.
- Exodus 3:2–4. The Angel of The LORD Appears to Moses in a flame in verse 2, and GOD Speaks to Moses from the flame in verse 4.
- Numbers 22:22–38. The Angel of The LORD Meets the prophet Balaam on the road. In verse 38, Balaam identifies The Angel WHO Spoke to him as delivering The Word of GOD.
- Judges 2:1–3. An Angel of The LORD Appears to Israel.
- Judges 6:11–23. An Angel of The LORD Appears to Gideon, and in verse 22 Gideon fears for his life because he has seen An Angel of The LORD face to face.
- Judges 13:3–22. The Angel of The LORD Appears to Manoah and his wife and, in verse 16, Differentiates HIMSELF from GOD ("And The Angel of The LORD Said unto Manoah [...] if thou wilt offer a burnt offering, thou must offer it unto The LORD. For Manoah knew not that he was An Angel of The LORD.")
- Zechariah 1:12. The Angel of The LORD Pleads with The LORD to Have Mercy on Jerusalem and the cities of Judah.
- Zechariah 3:4. The Angel of The LORD Takes away the sin of the high priest Joshua.
The Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint translates the Hebrew phrase מַלְאַךְ יְהוָה as ἄγγελος Κυρίου, "Angel of The LORD" or as ὁ ἄγγελος Κυρίου, "The Angel of The LORD". "Owing to the Hebrew idiom, this may mean no more than 'An angel of GOD', and the Septuagint renders it with or without the article at will."
The KJV and NKJV capitalize "Angel" in the Old Testament references to "The Angel of The LORD", while using lower-case "angel" in the Old Testament references to "An Angel of The LORD" (and in the New Testament references). Most versions, including NASB, RSV, ESV, etc., do not capitalize "angel" in the mentions of "angel of The LORD".
Angel of Elohim
The term "Angel of GOD" (Heb. mal'akh 'Elohim) occurs 12 times (2 of which are plural). The following are examples:
- Genesis 31:11. The Angel of GOD Calls out to Jacob in a dream and Tells him "I AM The GOD of Bethel".
- Exodus 14:19. The Angel of GOD Leads the camp of Israel, and also Follows behind them, with the pillar of fire.
- Judges 13:9. The Angel of GOD Approached the wife of Manoah after The LORD Heard Manoah.
Exodus 23:20-21. The LORD Says HE Will Send An Angel before the Israelites, and warns them to obey The Angel's voice, and that The Angel "will not pardon transgressions" because The LORD'S "name is in him".In addition, there are mentions of GOD "sending an angel", of which the following are examples:
- Exodus 33:2. GOD Says HE Will Send an angel before the Israelites, and that GOD Will Drive Out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
- Numbers 20:16. The LORD Sent an angel and brought the people of Israel forth from Egypt.
- 1 Chronicles 21:15. GOD Sent an angel to Destroy Jerusalem, but then repented and told the angel to stay his hand.
- 2 Chronicles 32:21. The LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria.
The Hellenistic Jewish philosopher Philo identified The Angel of The LORD (in the singular) with The LOGOS.
In Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Louis Goldberg writes: "The functions of The Angel of The LORD in the Old Testament prefigure the reconciling ministry of JESUS. In the New Testament, there is no mention of The Angel of The LORD; The MESSIAH HMSELF Is this Person."
On the other hand, Knofel Staton says: "The idea that this Angel as CHRIST is unlikely for many reasons, which include the following:
GOD Never Said to any angel (including The Angel of The LORD) 'YOU Are MY SON' (Heb 1:5) ..."; Ben Witherington says: "The Angel of The LORD Is just that – an angel. [... The Divine SON of GOD [...] was no mere Angel of The LORD, nor Did HE Manifest HIMSELF in some Observable Form prior to The Incarnation."
Jehovah's Witnesses teach that the angel who brought the Israelites into their promised land and would not pardon transgression because GOD'S Name Was in HIM (Exodus 23:20-21) Was "GOD'S Firstborn Son", The Pre-existent CHRIST, also called the archangel Michael, the Prince of the people of Israel mentioned in Daniel 10:21, a created being called "The SON of GOD" because created with qualities like those of HIS FATHER.