The Bible reveals that GOD Appointed certain days of the year to be remembered and celebrated by the congregation of Israel. The word "feast" comes from two Hebrew words that mean (Heb. Moaid) "divinely appointed times" and the other (Heb. Khag ) means "festival" from the verb which means "to dance".
There were seven feasts that were observed annually in ancient Israel, and they were celebrated in this order: Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles.
Only three were actual feasts: Unleavened Bread, Pentecost, Tabernacles. The other four were appointed times. They were only required to fast on the Day of Atonement. During the special times they would remember great events with GOD.
Three times per year: during the feast of Pentecost, Passover, and Tabernacles all male Israelites were to gather together.
This is referred to as the "gathering" or "convocation". After the exile the Israelites began meeting together on the Sabbath day.
It is commonly believed among Christians that the first four feasts in the spring speak of the First Coming of JESUS CHRIST (the Death, Burial, and Resurrection of JESUS CHRIST, and the beginning of the church), and the last three feasts in the fall speak of the Second Coming of JESUS CHRIST (CHRIST'S Return, Israel receiving her Messiah, and the Millennial Kingdom is set up on earth).
What are the different Jewish festivals in the Bible?